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9 terms

Chapter 6 & 7 Vocab

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Biome
A group of ecosystems that have the same climate and dominant plants and animals.
Latitude
The distance north or south of the Equator, measured in degrees.
Rain Forest
A tropical climate characterized by frequent heavy rains which produce dense jungle growth.
Temperate Deciduous Forest
-Eastern North America and Europe, (temperate Rain forest= Northern Coniferous Forest-cool, abundant precipitation/dry hot summer-northwestern North America), winters are cold, moderate summers are hot and humid, Plants---oak, maple, hickory, beech, chestnut, birch, ferns, and mosses (little rainfall), Animals---wolves, gray foxes, bobcats, deer raccoon, squirrels,
- Forest (or biome) that is characterized by trees that shed their leaves in the fall.
Taiga
Biome that is just south of the tundra; characterized by a northern coniferous forest composed of pine, fir, hemlock, and spruce tree and acidic, mineral-poor topsoils.
-A vast region of evergreen trees south of the tundra
Desert
Land area that receives less than 30 centimeters of rain per year.
Wetland
An ecosystem intermediate between an aquatic one and a terrestrial one. Wetland soil is saturated with water permanently or periodically.
Eutrophication
Process by which a body of water becomes too rich in dissolved nutrients, leading to plant growth that depletes oxygen.
Estuary
A habitat in which the fresh water of a river meets the salt water of the ocean.