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Approved Abbreviations for Medications
Flashcards
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Test
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Flashcards
Learn
Test
Match
Terms in this set (79)
before
ā
before meals
ac
as desired; freely
ad lib
adverse drug event
ADE
in the morning, before noon
A.M., am
ampule
amp
water
aq
twice a day
bid
body surface area
BSA
Celsius
C
with
c with a bar over it (c~)
capsule
cap or caps
controlled dose
CD*
compound
comp
dilute
dil.
double strength
DS
elixir
elix
external; extract
ext
fahrenheit
F
fluid
fl. or fld
gram
g
drop, drops
gt, gtt
hour
h, hr
intradermal(ly)
ID
intramuscular(ly)
IM
injection
inj
intravenous(ly)
IV
intravenous piggyback
IVPB
kilogram
kg
keep vein open
KVO
liter
L
pound
lb
liquid
liq.
meter
m
square meter
m^2
microgram
mcg
milliequivalent
mEq
milligram
mg
milliunit
write out (no abbreviation)
milliliter
ml or mL
nasogastric tube
NG, NGT
no known allergies
NKA
no known drug allergies
NKDA
nothing by mouth
NPO
normal saline
NS
ounce
oz
over the counter
OTC
after
p with a bar over it (p~)
after meals
pc
patient-controlled analgesia
PCA
through, by (route)
per
each (math term)
per
by mouth
PO, po
afternoon; evening
P.M., pm
as needed; when necessary
prn
each, every
q
every 2 hours, every 4 hours, etc.
q2h, q4h, etc.
as much as needed, quantity sufficient
qs
repeat
rep.
give, treatment, prescription
Rx
without
s with a bar over it (s~)
sublingual (under the tongue)
SL, subi
solution
sol. or soln.
immediately, at once
stat
subcutaneous(ly)
subcut
suppository
supp
suspension
susp.
syrup
Syr
tablet
tab
tablespoon
tbs., tbsp, or T
three times a day
tid
tincture
tinct
to keep open
TKO
teaspoon
tsp
ointment
ung
vaginal
vag
Various time-released forms of the drug, in which cause confusion and error
CD, CR, DR, E-R, LA, SA, SR, TR, XL, XR, XT
DS pertains only to what?
strength, NOT timing of release
How can you cut tablets?
You can only cut tablets that are scored and typically it is only possible to cut them in half. NEVER cut coated tablets.
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