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Splints and Random
Terms in this set (25)
Resting Pan Splint also called Resting Hand Splint
Designed to stabilize the hand in functional position with the fingers opposed; to reduce stiffness and promote joint alignment for Arthritis or Flaccidity.
Learning disability associated with difficulty producing written language.
The Cota supports the client in completing the last step of the task sequence, as the client improves the COTA instructs the client to complete each proceeding step in reverse until the client is able to complete the entire task sequence independently.
Developmental Coordination Disorder (Also known as Development Dyspraxia)
Developmental disorder that begins in children, delays in motor skills; or difficulty planning movement
Hemi= half, Anopia= blindness, Homonymous= the same on both sides, so half of the visual field in both eyes
Sensory distribution for the low ulnar nerve
Resulting sensory loss in the hypothenar eminence (Hypo- low)
Patients with severe scoliosis (including Duchenne muscular dystrophy)
Have increased difficulty with cardiopulmonary function
Poor oxygenation, blueish color to skin and lips, and edema in extremities
Showering should be avoided during the early stages of healing. A patient may wash their hair standing at the kitchen sink without compromising hip precautions.
Tendon Repair to a child under 12
Will be placed on an immobilization protocol secondary to their lack of following precautions and complying with exercise- otherwise Pt would participate in tendon gliding exercises in the early stages.
Can only be removed surgically, no splints would be effective
Sleep Apnea/Obesity Bed Mobility
Client would best be positioned side lying with head and trunk elevated in order to breathe better
Anterolateral Hip Precautions
The most important equipment to give client is abductor wedge secondary to adduction precautions.
Posteriolateral Hip Precautions
Focus more on adaptive equipment to prevent hip flexion greater than 90 degrees
Also known as "Claw Hand Deformity." Fascia affected. Usually affects the small finger and index finger secondary to a ulnar nerve injury. Splinting is most often static or passive motion to the MCP joints of the fourth and fifth digits to extend fingers.
Affects the brachial plexus of C5 and C6 so the affected arm rotates internally and is limp. The affected arm should be put in a elbow lock splint so the arm can be placed in functional position.
The Hand of Benediction or High Level median nerve injury at the forearm or shoulder
High level median nerve injury, ask a client to flex their fingers and they will only be able to flex the 4th and 5th finger. Very similar to Dupuytrens. Pt may use a C bar splint. C bar splint may also be used for web space burns.
Radial Nerve Injury or Saturday Night Palsy
Will result in wrist drop; Dynamic Extension Splint
Volar Plus Splint or also called Intrinsic Hand Splint
Used to protect the dorsal side of the hand when 2nd or third degree burns occur. This splint is also called "the safe position splint" because the wrist is at 10 degrees extension and MCP joints at 60-70 degrees and can stay within this position for long periods of time.
Dorsal Block Splint to protect flexor tendons
0-4 weeks Early immobilization secondary to flexor tendon injury/surgery. Also use "Duran Protocol" in which the client would passively flex/extend their own fingers with non involved hand.
4-6 weeks client can perform tendon gliding exercises.
6-8 weeks light occupation based exercises discharge splint.
8 weeks can strengthen flexor tendons.
Mallet Finger and Swan Neck Deformity
When the tendon detatches from the DIP joint and causes the DIP joint to flex; use DIP extension splint.
Swan Neck Deformity also involves flexion of the DIP joint; DIP extension splint. Swan Neck is caused secondary to Rheumatoid Arthritis.
Flexion at the PIP joint secondary to tendon injury; PIP extension splint needed.
Ape Hand Deformity
High median nerve injury, when asked the patient will not be able to flex the index or middle finger.
Stenosis over the radial styloid; long thumb splint to immobilize the thumb.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Median nerve compression at the wrist; the wrist should be splinted in 0-15 degrees extension (neutral); also called wrist cock up splint.
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