Terms in this set (9)
definition of CA
Conversation analysis try to describe the methods which people themselves use to make sense when they talk to each other
Key thinkers of CA
John Austin - speech act theory
Harold Garfinkel - Ethnomethodology, breaching experiment and participants' concern
Harvey Sacks - did a study of Suicide centre
Speech act theory
definition: -words can be used not only to present information(label of things: door,car etc), but also to carry out actions.
-the action performed by a speaker with an utterance
e.g: -requesting, -commanding, -Questioning, -informing
example: "I will be there by six" you are not just speaking, but performing the speech act of promising
definition: - the study of everyday methods and practice through which society members try to make sense on their world / Study of member methods for producing recognizable social order. (the study of how we do things: how do we mean things? how do we make sense? )
e.g: why when we are talking, we don't talk at the same time?
why people dress formal when they go to a formal event?
2 Main ideas Harold Garfinkel comes up with
breach/break the rules (which makes the rules more obvious)
e.g: going back home and say: very nice to see you
what do we expect
e.g: we Dun expect to pay before eating at an restaurant/ order dessert first.
-He is interested in the structure of conversation
-did a study on what happen when someone rings the Suicide Centre
how we manage to talk turn to turn
(depends on both cultural factors and subtle cues)
Transition relevant places (TRP)
A signal to notice others that the person has finished talking - where turn may go to another person
How to signal a TRP
- micro pauses
(if a person haven't done talking, they will produce noises like em,ahhh etc to fill in the airway)
- falling innotation
-Eye contact: when a person has finish talking they look up to another person (in multi speakers group, the person talking can select a specific person to speak response by looking at them)
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