9 terms

European Exploration

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Prince Henry the Navigator
Prince of Portugal who established an observatory and school of navigation at Sagres and directed voyages that spurred the growth of Portugal's colonial empire.
Bartholomew Diaz
Portuguese explorer; the first European to reach the southern tip of Africa in 1488.
Vasco da Gama
Portuguese explorer who led the first naval expedition from Europe to sail to India, opening an important commercial sea route.
Christopher Columbus
Italian navigator in 1492 sailed from Spain planned to reach east by sailing west, failed and discovered the New World
Amerigo Vespucci
Italian explorer who publicized the discovery of the New World; America was named after
Ferdinand Magellan
Portugese sea captain first to circumnavigate the world
Hernan Cortez
Spanish Conquistador who defeated and conquered the Aztec Empire
Black Legend
Concept that Spanish conquerors merely tortured and murdered Indians, stole gold and infected them with smallpox, leaving nothing of benefit and that the English treated natives better
Northwest Passage
A water route from the Atlantic to the Pacific through northern Canada and along the northern coast of Alaska. Sought by navigators since the 16th century, didn't exist
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