Unit 10.1 The World In 1750 CE

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archipelago
a chain of islands
conquer
to take over by force
conquest
the act of taking something or place by force
consolidate
to bring together; unite
daimyo
powerful landowning nobles in Japan who were loyal to the shogun
Devshirme System
a system that required conquered Christian communities to give their sons to the Ottoman government as a form of tax
diverse
very different
edict
a command from a government
empire
a group of once separate areas ruled by a single person or government
European
someone from Europe
expand
to increase in size
feudalism
a decentralized system of power in which land owned by a powerful person is divided up and given to others in exchange for work and a promise to fight for the interests of the land owner
forbidden
not allowed
foreign
from another place; unknown
gain
to get
govern
to rule
interconnected
connected with others
interconnectedness
the state of having connections or relationships with other people
Janissary
a well trained soldier who was taken from his family at a young age and trained to fight for the sultan of the Ottoman Empire and serve him in the government
maintain
to keep something together as is
merchant
a person who is involved in trade
millet
self-governing non-Muslim (Jewish and Christian) communities within the Ottoman Empire that had the power to regulate their own communities, collect taxes, set up their own schools, and organize their own laws
missionary
a person sent to promote a religion in a foreign place
Mughal Empire
a Muslim dynasty that ruled parts of modern-day India and Pakistan from 1526 to 1857
Ottoman Empire
a Muslim empire that ruled over parts of Asia, Africa, and Europe from 1299 to 1922
outsider
a person that does not belong to a certain group
power
influence or control over the behavior of people
samurai
landowning warriors in Japan were were loyal to daimyo
shogun
a military leader in Japan who had absolute power and passed their power down through their family
shogunate
a government ruled by a shogun
society
an organized group of people who have something in common (religion, culture, location, politics, nationality, purpose, etc)
Tokugawa Shogunate
the government that ruled Japan (1600-1868)
trade
the act of exchanging something for something else
trade
exchanging something for something else
trade route
a path followed by people who trade with one another
unify
to bring together as a single unit
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