English 3 Vocabulary

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tenacious
(adj.) holding fast; persistent; retentive, as in memory; holding together or adhesive
indolent
(adj.) lazy
gauche
(adj.) lacking social graces or sensitivity
umbrage
(n.) offense or annoyance
harrowing
(adj.) distressing or painful (usually used to describe an experience)
that vs. who
that and who are both pronouns

generally, you use "who" with people and "that" with things
benevolent
(adj.) kind or generous
misanthrope
(n.) someone who does not like other people; a pessimist
insipid
(adj.)lacking taste or bland; shallow or vapid
emulate
(v.) to copy someone or something
besmirch
(v.) to dirty or sully one's reputation
kerfuffle
(n.) a fuss or commotion
clandestine
(adj.) secret, concealed; underhanded
ardent
(adj.) very enthusiastic, impassioned
pinnacle
(n.) the highest peak or point
query
(n.) a question or doubt
(v.) to question
construe
(v.) to interpret or deduce the meaning of
stoic
(n. or adj.) a person who can endure great hardship without showing emotion
verbose
(adj.) excessively wordy
egregious
(adj.) outstandingly bad or conspicuous errors
complacent
(adj.) self-satisfied; smug
fastidious
(adj.) excessively particular, critical, or demanding; hard to please
quagmire
(noun) in a tough position; mired with difficulty; a soft swampy area of land that gives under pressure
pugnacious
(adj.) eager to fight
omnipotent
(adj.) almighty, having unlimited power or authority
hubris
(n.) excessive pride
gregarious
(adj.) outgoing; sociable
exacerbate
(v.) to make worse
hoi polloi
(n.) the masses; the common people
listless
(adj.) lacking energy and enthusiasm
morose
(adj) having a gloomy or sullen manner; not friendly or sociable
pretentious
(adj.) attempting to impress others by giving off more importance, talent, etc. than actually possessed (self-important)
recluse
(n.) a person who leads a life shut up or withdrawn from the world
supersede
(v.) to replace
harangue
(n.) a loud, aggressive speech
(v.) to lecture someone at length in a loud and critical manner
appease
(v.) to make calm, soothe; to relieve, satisfy; to yield to
manifest
(adj.) easily perceived or understood; obvious
(v.) to make evident
slovenly
(adj.) untidy, dirty, careless
terse
(adj.) brief and to the point
vie
(v.) to compete; to strive for victory or superiority
buffoon
(n.) a person who amuses others with jokes and silly behavior; a ridiculous or foolish person