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66 terms

Value/Belief and Teaching/Learning

STUDY
PLAY
_________ is a special class of attitudes in which cognition is based more on faith than fact.
Belief
________ is an accepted principle or standard of an individual or group.
Value
An affective disposition about a person, object or idea is a(n) _________.
Value
True/False - Values and beliefs are influenced by our decisions, goals and actions.
True
True/False - Our values and beliefs will not help us if we have an ethical issue arise.
False - V/B provide us with info for ethical issues.
____________ people are more likely to die sooner than expected.
Hopeless/despairing
True/False - Culture, Religion, values and beliefs are interrelated and influence the outcome of treatments and nursing care.
True
True/False - All people in a specific culture share the same beliefs and behaviors.
False - may not necessarily share
__________ is developed over time, socially inherited, and represents a complex system of values, beliefs, customs, and rituals.
Culture
True/False - Values and beliefs that conflict with the health care system have no effect on how we provide care.
False - does affect
True/False - Stereotyping cultures and religions can lead to errors because differences exist within different cultures and religions.
True
Concern, empathy, sensitivity, listening and time are all requirements for assessing _________ needs.
Spiritual
Dress, accent, language, religious artifacts and consistency of stated culture to behavior are all nursing ________________.
Observations
True/False - Culture and beliefs do not affect how a patient is treated.
False - do affect
Adapting to an environmental situation or an ongoing change in behavior is ___________.
Learning
What are the 4 learning theories?
1) Behavioristic
2) Cognitive
3) Humanistic
4) Eclectic
What is the process of making connections through associations?
Behavioristic learning theory
Positive reinforcement of a desired behavior is called...
Conditioned response
True/False - It does not matter if we believe learning will meet a specific need in order to learn something new.
False - Learner must believe
True/False - You have to be ready to learn if you are going to learn anything.
True
More insight for clearer meaning and understanding is called...
Cognitive learning theory
True/False - Developmental readiness is unimportant in decision making and judgment.
False - is important
A key factor in predicting, analyzing, and synthesizing data for decision making is...
Developmental readiness.
True/False - Humanistic learning is an objective awareness or self-view.
False - Subjective
An "affective or feeling" response toward learning is called...
Humanistic learning theory
A combination of Behavioristic, cognitive and humanistic learning theories is called..
Eclectic learning theory
True/False - All of the learning theories are useful in teaching, however, the cognitive learning theory is the preferred method.
False - No one theory is more correct than another.
True/False - When trying to decide which learning theory to use, we should select the one that fits the best and serves the purpose of the learner.
True
What are the 3 domains of learning.
1) Cognitive
2) Affective
3) Psycho-motor
What is the learning domain that demonstrates results of the thinking process?
Cognitive domain
True/False - A persons feelings, values and principles are part of the Cognitive learning domain.
False - Affective
Action, demonstration and hands on learning are part of what learning domain?
Psycho-motor domain.
What are Bloom's taxonomy levels from simple to complex?
Knowledge
Comprehension
Application
Analysis
Synthesis
Evaluation
True/False - Learning requires concentration, but not energy.
False - Both are needed.
Physical and emotional readiness, active participation and involvement, non-judgmental attitudes, feed back, simple to complex, relevance, and repetition are all factors that ___________ learning.
facilitate
Anxiety, stress, poor concentration, physiological factors and cultural barriers are all factors that _____________ learning.
inhibit
Pain, illness, and impairment are all ______________ ____________ of learning.
Physiologic factors
Language, values, beliefs, and religion are all __________ __________ of learning.
Cultural barriers
True/False - Internal locus of control has no affect on adult learners.
False - Adult learners are internally motivated (internal LOC)
Being self directed, independent, ready to learn when they need to and expectations of trust and respect are all traits of ________ _________.
Adult learners
True/False - Learning is a deliberate, conscious set of actions that help one gain knowledge or perform new skills.
False - Teaching
An interactive process that promotes learning is called...
Teaching
Functioning as educator is a ___-________ of nursing.
Sub-component
What interaction requires effective interpersonal skills and problem solving skills?
Nurse/Client interaction
Teaching is included in what part of the nursing process?
Implementation Phase
True/False - Knowing how a patient learns does not affect a nurses ability to teach.
False - Nurse needs basic knowledge about how clients learn to teach them.
Knowing how a patient learns will help the nurse do what?
Understand patients, and know how to best meet patients needs.
True/False - Clients needs determine nursing care and client teaching.
True
True/False - Teaching is individualized and uniform for each patient.
False - Adapted for each patient.
Process that is communicative, problem-solving and parallels the nursing process is what?
Teaching-Learning
True/False - Problem solving and the nursing process are the same thing.
True
True/False - A nurse needs to adapt their teaching based on the cognitive function of their patient.
True
When assessing a patient, the nurse needs to assess:
a) level of knowledge, skill, attitudes
b) level of comprehension
c) readiness to learn (motivate)
d) Age, sociocultural factors, health beliefs/practices
e) a,b and d
f) a, b, c, and d
f) a, b, c, and d
True/False - Developing client goals and objectives includes performance, conditions and criteria.
True
When planning what to teach a patient, the nurse needs to do what 3 things?
1) identify need of patient for learning
2) determine teaching priorities
3) develop client goals and objectives
When evaluating the effectiveness of teaching, nurses should look at what 2 things?
1) patient's progress toward reaching goals and objectives
2) which teaching/learning strategies were effective or not
True/False - Teaching begins when the patient is ready to go home.
False - begins on admission.
True/False - It is very important to document what you teach a patient and how the patient responds.
True.
What does a nurse need to assess about a patient in regards to teaching/learning.
1) level of knowledge, skill, attitudes
2) level of comprehension
3) readiness to learn (motivate)
4) Age, sociocultural factors, health beliefs/practices
True/False - Empathy is needed to anticipate learner needs.
True
Acquisition of insight that enables the learner to think critically and to develop an awareness of patterns, which promote the transfer of learning to new situations is called what?
The outcome of teaching
The planning and implementing of learning experiences, which foster the student's natural curiosity about self or the environment and self-directed learning is called what?
Teaching
The active process of organizing, integrating, and applying information, as perceived through the senses or recalled from memory, which has the potential for promoting change in behavior is called what?
Learning
__________ results in a change in perception of old ideas or in the development of new ones.
Learning
What 2 things increase the ability to learn?
Cognitive maturity and past experiences
A lifelong process that is facilitated when goal directed, enhanced when evaluated in terms of its relevance and when it is generalized into concepts and principles that may be applied to new experiences is called what?
Learning