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18 terms

Chp 6 Terms

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Judiciary act of 1789
law establishing federal court system and # of Supreme Court justices
Bank of the US
bank that issues paper money and handle tax receipts and other government funds
Alexander Hamilton
secratary of state of the cabinet
Cabinet
department heads later became president's chief advisors
Democratic-Republicans
Jefferson's Republicans that are ancestors of today's Democrats
2- party system
political system dominated by 2 major parties
protective tariff
import taxon goods produced from Europe encourage American production of revenue
excise tax
tax on product's manufacture,sale,distribution
neutrality
statement that the US supported neither side
sectionalism
placing interests in one's own region ahead of the nation as a whole
xyz affair
incindent in 1797 which French officials demanded a bribe from US diplomats
alien and sedition acts
series of 4 laws in 1798 to reduce political power of recent immigrants to the US
nullification
the right to nullify any act of Congress that was unconstitutional
Judiciary act of 1801
law increasing # of federal judges
midnight judges
judges appointed by John Adams in the last hour of his administration
Marbury vs Madison
1803 case which Supreme Court had the power to abolish legislative acts by declaring them unconstitutional
judicial review
Supreme Court's power declaring act of Congress unconstitutional
Louisiana Purchase
1803 purchase of Louisiana Territory extending from the Mississippi River to The Rocky Mts