100 terms

Civics Exam

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The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are those words?
We the people
Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?
Because of the state's population
What are the three inalienable rights listed in the Declaration of Independence?
Life, liberty, pursuit of happiness
What document announced our independence from Great Britain?
Declaration of Independence
What is the economic system in the United States?
Capitalist Economy
How many amendments does the Constitution have?
27
What are the branches of the United States Government?
Legislative, Executive, Judicial
What are the two parts of the United States Congress?
Senate, House of Representatives
How many U.S. Senators are there?
100
If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
Vice-President
We elect a President for how many years?
4
What is meant by freedom of religion?
You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion
What are the 2 major political parties in the United States?
Democratic and Republican
What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
Freed slaves held in Union controlled Confederate territory
What did Susan B. Anthony do?
Fought for women's rights
Who was President during World War I?
Woodrow Wilson
What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?
Fought for civil rights
Who signs bill to become law?
The President
What is the highest court in the United States?
U.S. Supreme Court
How many justices are there on the Supreme Court?
9
What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?
Pacific Ocean
What age must citizens be to vote for President?
18
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
Thomas Jefferson
When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?
July 4, 1776
Who Commander-in-Chief of the military?
The President
What is the capital of the United States?
Washington, D.C.
How many stars does the American Flag have?
50
From which country did the U.S. acquire most of its territory in the Southwest through military conquest?
Mexico
Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one of the powers of the states?
Provide schooling
What is one reason colonists came to America?
Freedom
What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?
Free speech
What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?
Checks and balances
Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.
Civil War
According to the Pledge of Allegiance, what type of government does the United States have?
Republic
What movement tried to end racial discrimination?
Civil Rights Movement
Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government?
To declare war
Which Constitutional Amendment gave women the right to vote?
19th
"We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal..."
What document is this quotation from?
Declaration of Independence
By area, what is the largest state in the U.S.?
Alaska
Who has the power to declare war?
Congress
What is a formal agreement between two or more sovereign nations called?
Treaty
When is the deadline for filing federal income tax forms?
April 15
What is the "rule of law"?
No one is above the law
Who makes federal law?
U.S. Congress
Who were the enemies of the United States in World War II?
Japan, Germany, Italy
What is the principle of the Constitution that divides the powers of government between the state governments and the national governments called?
Federalism
How many amendments make up the Bill of Rights?
10
Who has the power to veto bills?
The President
Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?
Native Americans
What is the national anthem of the United States?
Star-Spangled Banner
At what age must all men register for the Selective Service?
18
What Constitutional Amendment "reserves" powers to the states?
10th Amendment
Which Constitutional Amendment allowed African-American males to vote?
15th Amendment
How many original states made up the U.S.?
13
What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?
Africans
For how many years do we elect a U.S. Senator?
6 years
Which Constitutional Amendment gives citizens the right to bear arms?
2nd Amendment
What Constitutional Amendment abolished slavery in the United States?
13th Amendment
What are all citizens who are accused of crimes entitled to?
Due process of law
In what type of government do citizens hold the ultimate power?
Democracy
Which amendment in the Bill of Rights gives us freedom from self-incrimination?
5th Amendment
What is the title given to the head of the Supreme Court?
Chief Justice
What major event happened on September 11, 2001?
Terrorists attacked the United States
What fraction of Congress is required to override a Presidential veto?
2/3
What is the length of the term for a Supreme Court Justice?
Life
Which branch of government enforces the laws of the United States?
Executive Branch
How long must an immigrant live in the United States before they can become a U.S. citizen?
5 years
What war with Great Britain helped the U.S. achieve its independence?
Revolutionary War
Which regions of the United States are most likely to be affected by hurricanes?
Coastal regions
Which landmark in Washington, D.C. was burned by the British in 1814?
White House
According to the Constitution, who is the leader of the Senate?
Vice-President
Who delivered the Gettysburg Address?
Abraham Lincoln
What are presidential advisers who serve as the heads of the Executive Departments known as?
Cabinet
What Supreme Court case ruled that segregated schools were unconstitutional?
Brown v Topeka Board of Education
How many voting members are in the U.S. House of Representatives?
435
What principle of the Constitution was established by the Supreme Court's Marbury v Madison decision?
Judicial Review
Who is the leader of the Executive Branch?
President
Which branch of government decides if a law goes against the Constitution?
Judicial
From which country did the United States purchase the Louisiana Territory?
France
When was the Constitution written?
1787
In what month do we vote for President?
November
What is the largest of the U.S. territories by population?
Puerto Rico
Who was the first President of the United States?
George Washington
What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?
Atlantic Ocean
Who was President during the worst part of the Great Depression and most of World War II?
Franklin Roosevelt
Before he was elected President, Dwight Eisenhower commanded the Allied forces that executed the D-Day invasion. During what war did this occur?
World War II
What was the United States committed to stopping the spread of during the Cold War?
Communism
How many stripes are on the American Flag?
13
Who do the stripes on the American Flag represent?
The original colonies
What meeting in Philadelphia in the summer of 1787 produced a new framework of government for the United States?
Constitutional Convention
If neither the President nor the Vice-President can serve, who becomes President?
Speaker of the House of Representatives
James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay wrote a series of essays in favor of the new Constitution. What were these essays known as?
Federalist Papers
Name a mandatory service required of U.S. citizens if called upon.
Jury duty
Which Constitutional Amendment gives us the freedom to peaceably assemble or to petition for a redress of grievances?
1st Amendment
Which Constitutional Amendment gave the right to vote to 18-20 year-olds?
26th Amendment
How many lakes comprise the Great Lakes?
5
What are the 2 longest rivers in the United States?
Mississippi River and Missouri River
During which war was the Star-Spangled Banner written?
War of 1812
What nation borders the United States to its South?
Mexico
What nation borders the United States to its North?
Canada