35 terms

human bio

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skeletal
bone, provides structure
muscular
muscles (skeletal, cardiac, smooth)
integumentary
hair, skin, nails
cardiovascular
heart, blood vessels, blood
respiratory
air passages, lungs
immune
lymph nodes and vessels, white blood cells
digestive
mouth, esophagus, stomach, intestines
excretory
kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra, skin, lungs
nervous
brain, spinal cord, nerves, sense organs, receptors
endocrine
glands, thyroid, hypothalamus
reproductive
ovaries, uterus, mammary glands
function of the skeletal system
provides structure and protects internal organs
function of the muscular system
supports trunk and limbs
function of the integumentary system
protects against pathogens
function of the cardiovascular system
transports nutrients
function of the respiratory system
carries air into and out of lungs
function of the immune system
provides protection against infection and disease
function of the digestive system
stores and digests food
function of the excretory system
eliminates waste and maintains water and chemical balance
function of the nervous system
controls and coordinates body movements and senses
function of the endocrine system
maintains homeostasis and hormones
function of the reproductive system
produces offspring
nervous tissue contains specialized cells called
neurons
tissue that binds, supports, and protects structure is called
connective tissue
organ systems consist of
tissues, cells, organs
the body cavity that contains the heart, esophagus and organs of the respiratory system is
thoracic cavity
organ system that contains the kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra, lungs and skin
excretory system
connective tissue is made up of
specialized cells and extracellular matrix
connective tissue includes
cartilage, blood, fat, bone
what lines organs and cavities and have one surfaced exposed
epithelia
what is striated, under voluntary control and has many nuclei
skeletal muscle
flattened epithelia cells
squamos
connective tissues that covers joint surfaces
smooth
cranial cavity and vertebral canal
dorsal cavity
cells that synthesize connective tissue fibers
fibroblast