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Bible Quiz 1
Terms in this set (37)
Council of Jerusalem
Destruction of Jerusalem by Titus
Earliest known public churches built
Decius orders empire - wide persecution
Antony takes up a life of solitude
"Great Persecution" begins under Diocletian
Conversion of Constantine; Donatist Schism begins
Edict of Milan
First council of Nicea
Athanasius's letter defines New Testament canon
Christianity made state religion of Roman Empire
First council of Constantinople
Augustine converts to Christianity
Jerome completes the vulgate
Council of Chalcedon
Fall of the Roman Empire in the West
Early Bishop of this important city. His writings challenged heretical groups such as the Ebionites and the Docetists. He was arrested on charges of "atheism" by the Romans and executed. His letters are a significant source on our understanding of the early church. In them we see the development of the role of the bishop, the use of the term catholic to describe the church and the first reference outside the New Testament.
Ignatius of Antioch
Early bishop who served as a link between the first apostles (disciple of John) and the next generation of church leaders. He dealt with issues such as the dating of Easter, confronting the heretic Marcion and the Gnostics. He was executed by the Romans.
The trial and death in the arena of this Christian from North Africa was influential to many Christians in the early church, Augustine wrote four sermons on it. The account of her suffering and sacrifice demonstrated by the brutality of the Romans.
This Christian theologian and philosopher whose works "The Dialogue with Trypho", "First Apology" and "Second Apology" were attempts to explain the faith and defend Christianity against pagan attacks. His works also provide us with an insight into how the early church worshipped. His teachings on "Logos" were a significant contribution to Christian thought. He was beheaded by the Romans.
This Christian theologian and philosopher opened an important school to train Christians. He was one of the first Christians to successfully confront Gnostic heresy. His teachings influenced the Christian view on wealth and the use of art and music in worship. His key works were the "Exhortation to the Greeks" and "Instructor". HIs teachings have shaped important Christians as Origen, Pseudo-Dionysius, and John Wesley.
Clement of Alexandria
The leading theologian, Christian philosopher and Bible student of his day. He opened a school, copied texts, an caught catechumens. His key works were "Hexapla" a massive work focused on the Old Testament, "De Principiis" the first systematic study of Christian theology and "Contra Celsum" a defense of the Christian faith. Centuries later he would be condemned at the Council of Constantinople (533). It seems many of his teachings and theological views were later seen as heretical.
Despite being born into great wealth as a young man he responded to a reading from the Gospel of Matthew by giving away all of his wealth and moving into the dessert to live in tombs and old forts. He was known for his wisdom and holy living. He opposed Arianism and spoke out against it. His life inspired thousands of Christians to take up the monastic life.
Antony of Egypt
A pagan trained in law and the Greek and Roman classics, he was converted by the teachings of Origen. As a pastor he was known for his miracles. During his time as bishop Christianity spread throughout the region of Pontus. His writings support Trinitarian doctrine and one of his works, "The Exposition of Faith" is the first reference to an apparition of Mary. HIs church would be decimated by prosecution, plague, and invading Goths.
The son of a Roman official, he rose through civil war and aided as tradition tells us by a vision from God to become emperor. He not only supported Christianity by making it legal. He adopted it as his faith, but still used force and murder to achieve ends. He moved the empire's capital to the Greek East and created the conditions for a "state-church".
This bishop of Alexandria opposed Arianism and was exiled five times. His treatise "On the Incarnation" laid the foundation for those who opposed the teachings of Arius. His other influential work was "The Life of Antony" which shaped the Christian ideal of monasticism. In his letters we see a list of what would constitute the New Testament.
Known as the "Father" of church history for his "Ecclesiastical History". He survived the Diocletian and was a supporter of Constantine. He attended Nicaea and was involved in the Arian debate of the 4th century. He was sympathetic to the teachings of Arius.
Eusebius of Caesarea
This bishop in the waning days of the Roman Empire established Rome as the leading city of the Latin West and its bishop as the leader of the western church. He dominated the Council of Chalcedon in 451. In 452 met and negotiated with Attila the Hun and thus spared Attila's wrath.
He was known for his great preaching. His book "On the Priesthood" examined the role and tasks of the clergy. He was kidnapped and forced to be the archbishop of Constantinople. Here he preached against corruption, abuse sins of the state and the corrupt culture. Despite his building of hospitals and caring for the poor, he made too many enemies He died on his way to exile.
His life tells a story of a journey from sinner to defender of the faith. He wanted to be a monk and ended up as a bishop. His debated with the Donatists, Pelagius, and the pagans over the sack of Rome have greatly shaped Christian doctrine and theology. One of his key works, "City of God" was very significant in laying the foundation for the Medieval period.
He was from a well-connected family and served as Roman governor. Respect by the citizens, he was elected bishop of Milan even before he was baptized. He opposed the Arians and was a trained scholar who was very much influenced by Neo-Platonism. His preaching challenged Augustine and helped convert him, his interest in music introduced congregational singing into the western church and his authority challenged as emperor and won.
This Christian emperor opposed the Arians, made christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire and closed pagan temples. Despite being a successful general and often brutal ruler, he would on many occasions submit out of respect to the spiritual authority of the church and its bishops.
The greatest Christian scholar of his day, he knew Latin, Greek, and Hebrew. He rejected the soft life of Rome for an ascetic one of a hermit. His Latin translation of the Scriptures became the church's Bible for 1,000.
2nd century church leader whose views on the outpouring of the Holy Spirit through trances leasing to prophetic utterances about the return of Christ and the establishment of a New Jerusalem led to a heretical ascetic set that was condemned by the church.
North African bishop of the 3rd century. His views on the church and the role of the bishop would influence the theology of Augustine.
Bishop of the late 2nd century. Believed bishops held authority over geographical areas and they were successors to the Apostles.
Priest in the City of Alexandria during the 3rd and 4th centuries. His views on the Godhead, where Jesus was not divine but a creation of God led to the 1st Council of Nicaea and the Arian heresy of the 4th century.
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