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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
US History Test Ch. 3 & 4
Terms in this set (22)
As the 1860 election approached, what state was in question of being a free or slave state?
Which presidential candidate of 1860 was committed to expanding slavery into U.S. territories?
John C. Breckinridge
How did Abraham Lincoln do in the southern states during the election of 1860?
Lincoln won the election with 40% of the popular votes and almost 60% of the electoral vote but he did not receive southern electoral vote.
What were American's worst fears during the 1860 election?
Their worst fear was if there would be any national political parties.
What was the first southern state to secede?
What was the difference between the constitution of the Confederate States and the U.S. Constitution?
The Confederate states stressed the independence of each state and implied that states had right to secede. It also guaranteed the protection of slavery.
Name three Union/Northern states that still allowed slavery.
1) Kentucky 2) Delaware 3) Missouri 4) Maryland 5) west virginia
What was the president Lincoln's stance on slavery when he took office i 1861?
He said that he didn't want anything to do with slavery directly or indirectly, but he wanted to protect the country.
What fort did the confederates fire on that signaled the start of the Civil War?
What four states joined the Confederacy following President Lincoln's call for volunteers to go to the war against the South?
1) Virginia 2) Arkansas 3) Tennessee 4) North Carolina.
What were two advantages the Union had over the Confederacy at the start of the war?
1) Northern factories were able to increase production of supplies need to wage war.
2) The railroad network was well developed as were systems for farming, mining and processing.
What were two advantages the Confederacy had over the Union at the outbreak of the war?
1) Union army consisted of only 16,000 men.
2) Robert E. Lee was from the south, one of the finest military leaders and chose to side with his native Virginia.
------- would kill more soldiers on the battlefield that battle wounds themselves.
What famous speech did President Lincoln give in January of 1863?
What happened in Northern cities following the passage of the draft law in 1863?
Did not free a single slave. It applied only to those areas still "in rebellion against the U.S." It changed the nature of the war. The African Americans were recruited into the army.
Where did nearly every battle of the Civil War take place?
Took place on the southern soil.
At what battle did General Robert E. lose nearly one-third of hid troops?
Battle of Gettysburg
Where did General Lee surrender his Confederate army to General U.S. Grant?
In the small Virginia town of Appomattox Court House.
What agency was created to help former slaves and provide relief to the southern states?
Which president lost control of Reconstruction after impeachment charges were brought against him?
What politicians did Southern Democrats try to present as corrupt and incompetent?
What informal compromise was made that allowed Rutherford B. Hayes to win the presidency?
A congressional committee declared Hayes a winner. In return, he promised to pull all remaining federal troops from the South.
Recommended textbook explanations
HMH Social Studies American History: Reconstruction to the Present Guided Reading Workbook
United States History: Beginnings to 1877
Deborah Gray White, William Deverell
United States History: Reconstruction to the Present (Oklahoma)
Alan Taylor, Emma J. Lapsansky-Werner, Michael Roberts, Peter B. Levy
American Anthem: Modern American History (California)
Deborah Gray White, Edward L. Ayers, Jesús F. de la Teja, Robert D. Schulzinger
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