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POL 212- Ch. 1 What is Comparative Politics?
Terms in this set (33)
What is comparative politics?
A subfield of political science?
What are the other subfields of political science?
Political philosophy, American politics, International relations, comparative politics, public law, public policy, public administration
What is the subject matter of comparative politics?
Analyzes the domestic politics of countries across the globe, including its political institutions, processes, and cultures. It is different from international relations because it focuses on a specific country rather than a country's relationship with another.
How are comparative politics and international relations related?
The domestic politics of one country can affect the relations that country has internationally
What is an example of comparative politics influencing international relations?
Al Queda bombed trains in Madrid in 2004 and it ended up changing the results of the elections held days later
What is the comparative method?
It seeks to explain political phenomena by comparing different political systems to each other
What are some reasons why studying comparative politics is a good idea
To better appreciate our own system, to learn from other countries, to understand the linkage between domestic and international affairs, help understand the relationship between politics and fields outside of politics, having a moral commitment to democracy/liberty/combating poverty, becoming informed voters
What are some careers one could have with comparative politics?
Government, international non-governmental organizations, higher education
What is an example of a government job one could have with knowledge of comparative politics?
What is an example of an international, non-government organization job one could have with a background in comparative politics?
Growing interconnectedness of governments, non-state actors, and populations throughout the world through a variety of political, economic, technological, cultural, environmental, etc. interactions
A concept that emphasizes the increasing movement of people and ideas across borders (result of globalization)
How is political science a science?
It follows a set of rules to investigate reality logically
What 5 things does political science follow?
Definition, description, explanation, prediction, prescription
What does making a prediction for a political scientist mean?
Observing past trends and forming a future possibility
What does it mean for a political scientist to form a prescription?
To diagnose a problem and find a solution
A community that claims the monopoly or the legitimate use of physical force within a given territory
Controlling form of government
People choose the government (popular sovereignty)
Government dominates the people. They have little say, if any
Ruled by a king, queen, emperor, etc.
Government completely dominates
What does Freedom in the World do?
It puts out scores of how free a state is, with 1 being democratic and authoritarian being 7
What are the sources of political conflict?
Dominance/ influence, resources, identity, ethnicity, ideas , values
What is political sociology?
Study of the relationship between social identity and political behavior and how power is distributed
What is the gini coefficient/ index?
It measures socioeconomic inequality. Perfect equality is 0, maximum inequality is 100
What are cleavages?
Social divisions that are large enough to cause political preference
What is an example of a cleavage?
Wealthy people in an urban area and less successful folk just outside of that area
Coherent set of ideas and guidelines that define what the nature and role of the government should be
A system where liberty is ensured
A system that advocates for the group and ensures that elitists don't get too much power
An authoritarian system that advocates for one's own people, racism, and an all powerful military
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