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The First Israelites

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Around 1000 BC what group of people built a kingdom in Canaan?
The Israelites
Where did the Israelites build their first kingdome?
Canaan
What did the Israelites believe in?
One God who set down moral laws for his people
What is monotheism?
The belief in one god.
Who were montheists?
The Israelites
The Israelite faith became the religion known today as
Judaism
What language did the Israelites speak?
Hebrew
What group of people spoke Hebrew?
The Jews
Where did the Hebrews write down their religious beliefs?
Hebrew Bible
What trade did the early Israelites do?
herders and traders
What area did the Israelites come from before settling in Canaan?
Mesopotamia
What present day area was known as Canaan?
Lebanon, Israel, and Jordan
What man did the Israelites believe they descended from?
Abraham
In theBible what did God tell Abraham to do?
leave Mesopotamia and go to Canaan and worship the one true God.
What did God promise Abraham if he left Mesopotamia and go to Canann and worship the one true God?
the land of Canaan would belong to Abraham and his descendants
Why did the Israelites settle in Canaan?
because God told them to settle there
Who was Abraham's grandson?
Jacob
Who is Jacob?
Abraham's grandson
What was Jacob also called?
Israel
What does the word Israel mean?
"one who struggles with God"
How many sons did Jacob have?
12 sons
What was Jacobs family divided into?
tribes
What are tribes?
separate family groups
What were the 12 tribes of Israel?
Jacob's 12 sons
After living in Canaan for 100 years why did the Israelits go to Eqypt to live?
because of a long drought
Whas life good for the Israelites in Egypt?
No
Who did the Pharaoh makes slaves to help build his pyramids?
the Israelites
Why did the Pharoah order all Israelite baby boys be thrown into the Nile?
to prevent an Israeli rebellion
What did the Paraoh order the Israelites do?
throw all baby boys into the Nile
WHat did one desparate mom do instead of throwing her son into the Nile?
She put her baby in a basket
What was the name of the baby that was put in a basket on the Nile?
Moses
Who found the baby in the basket on the Nile?
the pharaoh's daughter and she named him Moses
What name did the Pharoah's daughter name the found baby?
Moses
What did Moses see one day while herding sheep outside of Egypt?
a burning bush and heard a voice
What did Moses believe he heard from the voice in the burning bush?
to lead the Israelites out of Egypt to freedom
Who sent 10 plagues to trouble Egypt?
God
How many plagues did God send to trouble Egypt?
10
What is a plague?
somtimes a disease but can also mean something that causes problems for a lot of people
Why did GOd send 10 plagues to Egypt?
to get the Pharoh to free the Israelites
What was the last plaque?
killed all first-born children
Why weren't the Israelites first borns not killed during the last plague?
because they marked their doorway with lamb's blood
What convinced the Pharaoh to let the Israelites leave Egypt?
the last plague where first-borns were killed
What is Passover?
A jewish holiday to remember and celebrate how God "passed over" their homes with the 10th plague
When the Israelites fled Egypt what did the Pharaoh do?
he changed his mind and sent his army to get the Israelites back
Who parted the Red Sea?
God
What sea did God part in order for the Israelites to escape Egypt?
the Red Sea
What happened to Pharaohs army after the Israelites?
the Red Sea flowed back and drowned the soldiers
What is the Israeli escape from Egypt called in the Bible?
Exodus
What is Exodus?
the Israeli escape from Egypt
What desert did the Israelites have to travel through to get to Canann?
The Sinai desert
What Mountain did Moses receive the ten commandments?
Mount Sinai
What is the name of the place where Moses received the laws from God?
Mount Sinai
What is the Torah?
the name of the laws God gave Moses
The name of the laws God gave Moses is called?
the Torah
What did the Torah describe?
the covenant
What is a covenant?
an agreement or promise
What was the covenant from the Torah?
God promised to return the Israelites to Canaan if they followed his laws
What is the most important part of the Torah?
the Ten Commandments
What covenant was described in the Torah?
the Ten Commandments
What did the Torah explain to the Israelites?
what God considered right and wrong
What box held the Ten Commandments?
The Ark of the Covenant
What is the Ark of the Covenant?
a box that held the Ten Commandments
What is the Israelites' escape from Egypt called?
Exodus
Who did the Israelites have to fight to return to their promised land?
the Canaanites
How many years did it take the Israelite to reach Canaan?
40 years
DId Moses ever see the promised land?
no
Who took over when Moses died?
Joshua
Who led the Israelites into battle the Canaanites?
Joshua with God
What city did Joshua defeat under his leadership?
Jericho
How did Joshua defeat Jericho?
They marched for six days around the walls of Jericho and on the sixth day they raised a shout and the walls of Jericho crumbled
One what day did the walls of Jericho fall?
the sixth day
When Joshua defeated the land of Canaan how was it divided?
among the 12 tribes
Who provided leadership in Canaan after Joshua died?
judges
Who were judges?
usually military leaders
What was the name of the first judge that was a woman?
Deborah
What did the Israelites create?
an alphabet and a calendar based on the Canaanite ideas
What group of Canaanites lived along the Mediterranean Sea?
the Phoenicians
WHat were the Phoenicians known for?
skilled sailors and traders
What was one important idea that the Phoenicians spread?
an alphabet
The Phoenicians brought the idea of an alphabet to what group of people?
the Greeks
Who did the Greeks pass on the alphabet to?
the Romans
Most Western alphabets are based on the
Roman Alphabet
Why was the religion of Israel unique in the ancient world?
because they only believed in one true God
How did the Israelites obtain the Torah?
through God
The Israelites used the Ten Commandment as
rules to live by
Joshua and the judges, including Deborah
won back territory in centarl Canaan for the Israelites
What is a tribe?
a family group