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17 terms

Theories of Personality Exam #4 (D)

Cattell and the Big Five
STUDY
PLAY
Common trait
can be measured by all people through testing
Nature vs. nurture
Cattell argued that nature rather than nurture played a key role in determining a person's characteristics; however, he did recognize the role of the environment (2/3rds environment; 1/3rd heredity)
Fluid intelligence
general problem-solving ability that is largely innate.
Crystallized intelligence
type of intelligence that comes from formal education or from general experience; most intelligence tests attempt to measure it.
Trait
refers either to a group of interrelated overt behaviors (surface trait) or the deeper determinant of such interrelated behavior (source traits). The main usefulness of surface traits is that they provide information about source traits.
Ability trait
trait that determines how effectively a person works toward a desired goal (i.e. Intelligence).
Constitutional trait
genetically determined.
Dynamic trait
motivational trait that sets a person in motion toward a goal (ergs v. metaergs)
Erg
provides energy source for all behavior (i.e. hunger & thirst)
Metaerg
secondary or learned drives
Environmental-mold trait
determined by experience rather than by heredity.
Temperament trait
constitutional source trait that determines a person's emotionality and style of behaving.
The Big Five factors of personality
describes personality without determining underlying causes (five basic factors of personality/ OCEAN)
Extraversion
Agreeableness
Neuroticism
Conscientiousness
Openness
16PF
sixteen-personality factor questionnaire including 16 multiple-choice scales measuring one underlying source trait of normal personality (Cattell).
L-data
information about a person's everyday life. The L stands for life record.
T-data
information obtained about a person from performance on an objective test. The "t" stands for test.
Q-data
information provided when people fill out a questionnaire on which they rate themselves on various characteristics. The "q" stands for questionnaire.