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Arts and Humanities
MYP History CH4 Vocab
Terms in this set (28)
A body of water by Mediterranean Sea that touches the borders of Greece & Asia Minor. It also has many islands in it, including Crete.
Sea-faring Greek kingdom. A major center of Greek Civilization in the 1000s BCE.
- Part of the Bronze age
Early Greek civilization located on the island of Crete (2500-2800 B.C.).
-Named after king of Crete
A long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds
-The Odyssey and The Iliad
A city-state in ancient Greece.
-EX: town,city, and village
Located on top of hill, fortified area
-used as refugee during attacks
-also used as a religious center
Heavily armed infantry soldiers
-armed with round shields, short sword, spear(9ft)
Formation of soldiers carrying shields close together for defense; any very close group of people
a group of 5 officials elected each year in ancient Sparta who were responsible for the education of youth and the conduct of all citizens
A government ruled by a few powerful people
In ancient Sparta, the term for slaves who were owned by the state.
A Greek poet, author of the Iliad and the Odyssey
small strip of territory along the shoves of the Asia Minor.
An old Greek city, renamed Constantinople, that became the center of the Byzantine Empire; present day Istanbul
regarded as the founder of Athenian Democracy
A society with cities, a central government, job specialization, and social classes
A government ruled by a king or queen
(430-347 BCE) Was a disciple of Socrates whose cornerstone of thought was his theory of Forms, in which there was another world of perfection.
Greek philosopher; teacher of Alexander the Great; knowledge based on observation of phenomena in material world
An ancient kingdom north of Greece, whose ruler Philip II conquered Greece in 338 B.C.
-Father of Alexander the Great
-King of Macedonia
The period from 323 to 30 B.C.E. in which Greek culture spread widely in Eurasia in the kingdoms ruled by Alexander's political successors.
the philosophy of the Stoics who believed that people should not try to feel joy or sadness
plays in which main characters struggled against fate, or events, and were punished for their hubris, or pride.
An imperfection, shortcoming or weakness in a character which leads to certain fatal choices.
-Emphasized self-control and discipline
-Children are born with innate knowledge
-One can perceive the true form reality when they become enlightened
government is established as a response to the question "how do we live our lives together?"
the period of Greek art from 900 to 500 BC. It was the earliest period of great vase painting and the beginning of monumental stone sculpture
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