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Mr. Burke's Prehistory Test Definitions and Questions

STUDY
PLAY
artifact
an object made by human beings; often refers to a primitive tool or other relic from an earlier period that was used in the past
archaeology
the study of the past based on what people left behind
glacier
large, thick body of slowly moving mass of ice
surplus
a quantity much larger than is needed
prehistory
the time during the development of human culture before the appearance of the written word
technology
tools and skills people use to meet their basic needs
migrate
to move periodically or seasonally
nomad
a member of a group that settles briefly in one place and then moves on to another, mostly of search of food
excavation site
a site where archaeologists uncover artifacts
cultivation
preparing the land to grow crops
domestication
the taming of animals or plants for human use, such as work or as food
Ice Age
Period of time when huge sheets of ice covered much of the earth's land, formed from ocean water, leaving ocean levels lower than they are now which exposed dry land that connected the continents.
harvest
the season for gathering crops
specialize
suit to a special purpose
culture
all the knowledge and values shared by a society
values
things that are important to you
customs
a common practice among members of a family or a society
legacy
an inheritance; something handed down from an ancestor or from the past
What marked the beginning of the New Stone Age?
Polished stone tools, domestication of animals,and the cultivation of land marked the beginning of the New Stone Age
The several legacies left behind from the stone age.
Stone tools, domestication of animals, cave paintings, and farming
Tell what we use to learn about the past.
Archaeologists study past cultures through remains such as buildings, tools, or pottery. These are all artifacts, or things made by people long ago.
What makes up a civilization?
The folowing things are needed for a civillization: domesticated animals, cultivation, buildings, language, laws, system of writing, religion, etiquette, government, and a form of education
Where is Clovis and why is it important?
Archaeoologists believed these people were the first Americans. They are believed to have lived 11,00 years ago. They are located in Mexico.