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Vocab Quiz B1
Terms in this set (54)
concepts or rules that can be applied universally
a circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and at right angles to the meridians
the geometric or regular arrangement of something in a study area
Perceptual regions (vernacular)
an area defined by subjective perceptions that reflect the feelings and images about a place, a regions that exists because people believe it exists
the margins of an area or region
an equal area projection purposely entered on Africa in an attempt to treat all regions of Earth equally
Physical site characteristic
a location that includes climate, topography, soil, water sources, vegetation, and elevation
a specific point on Earth distinguished by a particular characteristic
the theory that the physical environment may set limit on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives
a map that displays individual preferences for certain places
an imaginary line passing through the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, England, that marks 0 degrees longitude;
the system used to transfer locations from Earth's surface to a flat map
Proportional symbols map
a thematic map in which the size of a chosen symbol - such as a circle or triangle—indicates the relative magnitude of some statistical value for a given geographic region
data associated with a more humanistic approach to geography, often collected through interviews, empirical observations, or the interpretation of texts, artwork, old maps, and other archives
data associated with mathematical models and statistical techniques used to analyze spatial location and association
a period in human geography associated with the wide spread adoption of mathematical models and statistical techniques
a pattern that has no regularity that can be seen
a map type that shows reference information for a particular place making it useful for finding landmarks and for navigation
a territory that encompasses many places that share similar physical and/or cultural attributes; an area distinguished by a unique combination of trends or features
an organization of Earth's surface into distinct areas that are viewed different from other areas
a measure of distance that includes the costs of overcoming the friction of absolute distance. Relative distance often describes the amount of social, cultural, or economic connectivity between two places
the position of a place relative to the places around it.
the diffusion of ideas, innovations, behaviors, and so on from one place to another, the spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another.
the observation and mathematical measurement of Earth's surface (the acquisition of data about Earth's surface) using aircraft and satellites. The sensors include photographic images, thermal images, multispectral scanners, and radar images
a map's smallest discernable unit. If, for example, an object has to be one kilometer long in order to show up on a map, that map's resolution is one kilometer.
a projection that attempts to balance several possible projection errors. It does not maintain area, shape, distance, or direction completely accurately, but it minimizes errors in each.
generally, the relationship between the portion of Earth being studied and Earth as a whole
Sense of place
feelings evoked by people as a result of certain experiences and memories associated with a particular place
the physical characteristics of a place; the absolute location of a place, described by local relief, landforms, and other cultural or physical characteristics
the relative location of a place in relation to the physical and cultural characteristics of the surrounding area and the connections and interdependencies within that system; a place's spatial context. The location of a place relative to another place.
a map scale ratio in which the ratio of units on the map to units on Earth is quite small. Small scale maps usually depict large areas.
the time based on the position of the sun in the sky as the day progresses
the physical gap or interval between two objects
the reduction in time it takes to diffuse something to a distant place as a result of improved communications and transportation systems
analysis of geographic data applied to structures at the human scale
the ways in which phenomena, such as technological innovations, cultural trends, or even outbreaks of disease, travel over space
arrangement of different levels of objects (physical and human) on the earth's surface
an intellectual framework that looks at the particular locations of a specific phenomenon, how and why that phenomenon is where it is, and finally, how it is spatially related to phenomena in other places
the concept of using Earth's resources (renewable and nonrenewable) in such a way that they provide for people's needs in the present without diminishing Earth's ability to provide for future generations
the spread of an underlying principle even though a specific characteristic is rejected
a type of map that displays one or more variables—such as population, or income level—within a specific area
individual maps of specific features that are overlaid on one another in a Geographical Information System to understand and analyze a spatial relationship
the idea that distance between some places is actually shrinking as technology enables more rapid communication and increased interactions among those places.
is a region that has adopted the same standard time
Tobler's First Law
everything is related to everything else, but near things are more related than distant things
maps that use isolines to represent constant elevations. If you took a topographic map out into the field and walked exactly along the path of an isoline on your map, you would always stay at the same elevation.
the art or science of making maps that show the height, shape, etc of the land in a particular area
the amount of connectivity between places regardless of the absolute distance separating them
the name given to a portion of Earth's surface, the name of a place
the cost involved in moving goods from one place to another
the increasing gap in economic conditions between core and peripheral regions as a result of the globalization of the economy
use of sophisticated software to create dynamic computer maps, some of which are three dimensional or interactive
US Census Bureau
one of the biggest employers of geographers in the US; government organization that surveys the population every ten years in order to aid official plans and fund certain programs
The why of where
explanation of why a spatial pattern occurs
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