Veterinary Terminology

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-tomy
cut into, incision
-stomy
surgically created opening
-ectomy
surgical removal, excision
-pexy
surgical fixation, suspension
-plasty
surgical repair
-centesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid or gas
-gram
record of
-graph
instrument used to record
-graphy
procedure that records
-lysis
breakdown, destruction, separation
-scope
instrument for visual examination
-scopy
procedure to visually examine
-therapy
treatment
-rrhagia -rrhage
bursting forth
-rraphy
suture
-rrhea
flow, discharge
-rrhexis
rupture
-algia, -dynia
pain
-ia
state, condition
-ion
action, process, state or condition
-itis
inflammation
-ive
performs, tends toward
abnormal softening
-malacia
-megaly
enlargement
-osis
abnormal condition
-pathy
disease
-sclerosis
abnormal hardening
-um
structure
-us
thing
a-, an-
not, without
ab-
from, away
ad-
to, toward
ante-
before, in front of
anti-
against, opposed to
bi-
two, twice
brachy-
short
brady-
slow
cata-
down
contra-
against
con-
together
de-
down, from, off
dia-
through, between
dys-
abnormal
ect-, ecto-
outside
ex-
out of, away from
em-, en-, endo-
in, into
ep-, epi-
on, above, upon
eu-
good, well new
hemi-
one-half
hetero-
different, other
homo-
alike, same
hydro-
water
hyper-
over, more than
hypo-
under, less than
inter-
between, together
intra-
within
iso-
equal
macro-
large, long
mal-
bad, abnormal
meso-
middle
meta-
after, beyond or change
micro-
small
mono-
single
multi-
many
neo-
new
ost-
bone
pan-
complete
para-
alongside of
peri-
surrounding, around
poly-
plurality
post-
after, behind
re-
again, back
semi-
one-half, partly
sub-
beneath, under
tachy-
fast
tetra-
four
uni-
one
-algia
pain
-asthenia
weakness
-ase
enzyme
-al, -ic, -ac, -ous
pertaining to
-clasia/clasis
to break
-crine
to secrete
-cyte
cell
-ectopia
organ or part is out of its normal place
-emesis
vomiting condition
-emia
blood condition
-esis
action, condition, state of
-genesis
producing, forming
-genic,
formative, pertaining to producing
-iasis
condition, formation, presence of
-ictal
caused by sudden attack or stroke
-ism
condition, disease
-ist
one who specializes in
-ity
state, quality
-lepsy
attack, seizure
-logy
the study of
-lytic
dissolution
-natal
pertaining to birth
-oma
tumor, mass, fluid collection
-opsy
examination or inspection
-oxia
condition of
-penia
deficiency
-phagia
conditions relating to eating/ingestion
-phobia
exaggerated fear, sensitivity, aversion
-pnea
breathing
-sepsis
putrefaction
-spasm
sudden contraction of muscles
-stasis
stopping, standing
-toxin
poison
-trophy
nourishment, development
abdomin
abdomen
acou
of or relating to hearing
adrenal
of or relating to adrenal glands
algesi
pain
andr
pertaining to a man
aort
aorta
appendic
appendix
arteri.o
artery
arthr
pertaining to joints
ather
fatty deposit
aur
ear
bi
twice, double
bil
bile, gall
brachi/o
arm
cardi/o
heart
carp
wrist
caud
tail, lower part of the body
cephal/o
head
cerat/o
horn
crani
skull
cyan
blue color
cys
urinary bladder
dent/i, dent/o
teeth
dips
thirst
dors
back
enceph
brain
enter
intestine
erythr
red color
gastr
stomach
gingiv
gums
glyc
sugar
gon
knee
hepat
liver
hemat
blood
hist
tissue
lact
milk
lip/o
fat
mamm/o
of or pertaining to the breast
mast/o
breast
my(o)
muscle
nas/o
nose
nat
birth
necr
death
nephr
kidney
onc
tumor
oo, ov
eggs, ova
opt
eye, vision
ophthalm/o
eye, vision
oste/o
bone
ot/o
ear
ovario
ovary
par
other than, abnormal
path
disease
phleb
vein
steth
chest
thorrac/o
chest
thromb/o
blood clot
trache/o
trachea
trich/o
hair
vascul, vas
blood vessel
ad lib
as much as desired
sid
one time daily
bid
two times daily
tid
three times daily
qid
four times daily
qh
every hour
qd
every day
w/o
without
stat
immediately
n
normal
DSH
domestic short hair
DLH
domestic long hair
Dx
Diagnosis
Hx
history
Rx
Prescription
Sx
Surgery
FeLV
Feline leukemia virus
FIA
feline infectious anemia
FIP
Feline infectious peritonitis
ECG
electrocardiogram
ICU
intensive care unit
cc
cubic centimeter, ml
ml
milliliter, cc
wt
weight
HR
heart rate
PCV
packed cell volume
sg
specific gravity
TPR
temperature, pulse, respiration
UA
Urinalysis
IM
intramuscular
IP
intraperiotneal
IV
intravenous
sub-q
subcutaneous
rbc
red blood cell
wbc
white blood cell
DVM
Doctor of Veterinary Medicine
CNS
Central Nervous System
LVT
Licensed Veterinary Technician
GI
gastrointestinal
DOA
dead on arrival
DOB
date of birth
anterior
front of the animal
caudal
towards the tail of an animal
cranial
towards the head of an animal
deep
further from the surface
distal
part of the limb furthest from the body
dorsal
along the back or uppermost surface
frontal plane
body plane that divides the animal into dorsal and ventral parts
lateral
side of the animal
median
body plane that divides the animal into equal right and left halves
posterior
rear of the animal
proximal
part of the limb closest to the body
sagittal
any body plane that is parallel to the median plane
superficial
closer to the surface
transverse
body plane that divides the body into cranial and caudal parts
ventral
along the belly surface