17 terms

Chapter 2 Mesopotamia & the Fertile Crescent (Sections 1 and 2) ONLY

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Terms in this set (...)

Mesopotamia
Land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers
Floodplain
Flat land bordering the banks of a river
Silt
Fine, fertile soil carried by rivers and deposited on nearby land
Arid
Climate type marked by hot summers and limited rainfall
Drought
Long period of little or no rainfall when it is difficult to grow crops
Current
Concentrated flowing of water
Swell
Increase in size or volume
irrigation
Watering dry land by using ditches, pipes, or streams
surplus
An amount beyond what is required, excess; more than what is needed or expected
Civilization
Advanced form of culture that developed in cities
City- state
Political unit made up of a city and it's surrounding lands
Ziggurat
Temple built atop a series of increasingly smaller platforms
Polytheism
Belief in many gods & goddesses
King
Highest-ranking leader do a group of people
Pictographs
Pictures or drawings that represent a word or an idea
Cuneiform
First known writing system, which used wedge- shaped symbols
Scribes
People who specialized in writing and record keeping
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