Chapter 2 - New Empires in the Americas Sections 1 - 3
Vocab words for the 2nd chapter of American History - 7th Grade
Terms in this set (17)
Norwegian Viking explorer, was the first European to explore the Americas.
Henry the Navigator
(1394-1460) Portuguese prince who promoted the study of navigation and directed voyages of exploration down the western coast of Africa.
a device that enables navigators to learn their ship's location by charting the position of the stars.
A ship that used triangular sails that, unlike traditional square sails, allowed ships to sail against the wind. Helped the Portuguese build a large trade empire.
Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China (1451-1506)
Line of Demarcation
This was the line drawn by Alexander VI that gave Portugal most of Brazil and Spain the rest of South America
Treaty of Tordesillas
1494 divided the Atlantic world between two maritime powers, reserving for Portugal the West African coast and the route to India and giving Spain the oceans and the lands to the west
(1480?-1521) Portuguese-born navigator. Hired by Spain to sail to the Indies in 1519. (The same year HRE Charles V became empreor.) He was killed in the Philippines (1521). One of his ships returned to Spain (1522), thereby completing the first circumnavigation of the globe.
Sail completely around the world
The transfer of plants, animals, and diseases between the Americas and Europe, Asia, and Africa.
Early-sixteenth-century Spanish adventurers who conquered Mexico, Central America, and Peru. (Examples Cortez, Pizarro, Francisco.)
(1485-1547) Spanish explorer, landed in Mexico in 1519 with about 500 men and a few horses, opened communication with nearby communities and with Moctezuma II
(1466-1520) Aztec ruler from 1502 to 1520; he was the emperor of the Aztecs when Cortés and his army conquered the empire. He was taken prisoner and killed during battle with the Spanish army.
A Spanish conquistador who went to the Incas and took emperor prisoner and then killed him and took over the Inca empire.
A system whereby the Spanish crown granted the conquerors the right to forcibly employ groups of Indians; it was a disguised form of slavery.
A large farm that grows mainly one crop.
Bartolome de Las Casas
Priest that said that the Spanish should try to convert native Americans to Christianity by showing them love, gentleness, and kindness.
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