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Terms in this set (85)
Lowest layer of the atmosphere. This is where all weather occurs.
The second layer of the atmosphere. This is where the ozone layer is.
The third layer of the atmosphere. This is where asteroids are burned and destroyed.
The fourth layer of the atmosphere. This area is characterized by an increase in temperature with height.
Part of the Thermosphere, where the Sun's UV creates charges atoms or ions.
The outermost region of the Earth's atmosphere.
The outermost layer of a planet.
Stress which stretches rocks in two opposite directions.
A set of stress directed toward the center of a rock mass.
The response of a rock to deformation usually by compressive stress and forms particular textures.
The part of the earth between the core and the the crust is the. This makes up nearly 80% of Earth's total volume.
The process of which heat is transferred by the movement of a heated fluid.
A theory explaining the structure of the earth's crust and many associated phenomena as resulting from the interaction of rigid lithospheric plates that move slowly over the underlying mantle.
A geological process that takes place at convergent boundaries of tectonic plates where one plate moves under another and is forced or sinks due to gravity into the mantle.
The relatively thin part of the earth's crust that underlies the ocean basins
A planar or gently curved fracture in the rocks of the Earth's crust, where compressional or tensional forces cause relative displacement of the rocks on the opposite sides of the fracture
The solid material found in the center of some planets at extremely high temperature and pressure
A magma like liquid layer that surrounds the Inner Core and creates Earth's magnetic field
One-celled organisms without a nucleus (bacteria)
One-celled organisms with a nucleus
Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, and Species
What are the 8 classifications of life
A major area that has a similar, year-round weather pattern and supports similar types of living things
A biome that gets very little rain. The days are hot while the nights are cold. Comprised of mostly sand and rock.
A cold, dry biome located in the most northern part of the world and on high mountains
A low area that is covered by water for at least part of the year
A biome that has many grasses and flowering plants, but few trees.
Biomes that cover much of the Earth's surface. Comprised of water.
A type of forest that grows well where there are a lot of snowfalls. Winds blow cold and dry.
A type of forest where trees grow during spring and summer when it rains. Shrubs and other plants grow beneath trees.
A forest that exists in places with mild temperatures and a lot of winter rain.
A visible accumulation of minute droplets of wate, ice crystals, or both, suspended in the air.
most common of high clouds; made of ice crystals; thin, wispy; usually white and predict fair, pleasant weather; indicates that a change in weather will occur within 24 hours
form in blanketlike layers; usually cover all or most of the sky and are a uniform dull, gray color
low, puffy, and gray
stratus clouds that produce rain
gray or blue gray; composed of ice crystals and water droplets; usually cover entire sky
made of water droplets or ice crystals; appear as gray puffy masses; usually form in groups;usually occur thunderstorms
thin, sheetlike high clouds that often cover the entire sky, but they are very thin
small, rounded white puffs in long rows; resemble scales of fish, usually seen in winter
puffy clouds that look like floating cotton balls; they can grow upward and can develop into a giant cumulonimbus cloud
thunderstorm clouds; lots of energy released; lightning, thinder, and tornadoes are made in these clouds
A pulling or pulling action
Every object in a state of uniform motion tends to remain in that state of motion unless an external force is acted upon it.
Newton's second law
Force is equal to mass multiplied to acceleration
Newton's third law
For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction
The substance that an object is made from
Force exerted on a mass by gravity
Mass x gravitational field strength
Net overall force
Weight - air resistance
A longitudinal wave of pressure waves in air
An immense scale that is used to measure all kinds of radiation
Have the longest wavelength
Have the shortest wavelength
the emission of energy as electromagnetic waves or as moving subatomic particles, especially high-energy particles that cause ionization.
the process by which heat or electricity is directly transmitted through a substance when there is a difference of temperature or of electrical potential between adjoining regions, without movement of the material
The measurement of the average motion of atoms and the molecules in the atmosphere
The energy that flows from atoms and molecules move. Diffuses out towards coolness.
Form hydrogen ions when dissolved in water
Form hydioxide ions when dissolved in water
Measure of the hydrogen activity in a sample substance
Lower value = more acidic
Higher value = more basic
7 = neutral
A substance that cannot be broken down further
Made up of atoms
Has a positive charge
Has a negative charge
Reside outside of the nucleus
Has a neutral charge
Resides inside of the nucleus
When the number of neutrons are different in atoms of the same elements
Made up of elements
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom, which determines the chemical properties of an element and its place in the periodic table.
faranheit to celsius conversion
multicellular organisms that make their own food
multicell organisms that eat meat, plants, or both
multicell organisms that eat by external digestion
A geological eon beginning with the formation of the Earth about 4.6 billion years ago
A geological eon containing the oldest rocks and the formation of the Earth's crust
A geological eon where life begins in sea
A geological eon containing the paleozoic, mesozoic, and cenozoic eras
An era defined by a great explosion of life at the beginning of the era. Marine Biology
An era characterized by the development of flying reptiles, birds, flowering plants, and by the appearance and extinction of dinosaurs
Relating to or denoting the most recent era.
A molecule composed of polymers of amino acids joined together by peptide bonds. Rebuilds tissue.
Any of the group of organic compounds consisting of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
Regulation of blood glucose
A fuel source for the body. Major storage of energy.
A subgroup of compounds known as lipids that are found in the body and have the general property of being hydrophobic
The richter scale
a numerical scale for expressing the magnitude of an earthquake on the basis of seismograph oscillations
Intensity of quake/standard period
The first day of spring
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