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harry hopkins

former relief of Federal Emergency Relief Administration

mary mcleod bethune

educator, dedicated herself to promoting opportunities for young African Americans
-head of Division of Negro Affairs of National Youth Administration

John Collier

largely responsible for act, commission of Indian affairs, created Indian Reorganization Act of 1934

Father Charles Coughlin

felt banking system should be nationalized and there should be a minimum income guaranteed to every person
-favored guaranteed annual income and nationalization of banks
-turned against FDR

alfred landon

-governor of Kansas
-FDR's opponent in the election

huey long

-early supporter of new deal
-turned against FDR
-proposed social program Share-The-Wealth

Frances Perkins

Secretary of Labor, helped with the Social Security Act

Eleanor Roosevelt

FDR's right hand man, eyes and ears, FDR could never have done as well due to his disability, wife of FDR, encouraged him to appoint women to government positions


2-term governor of NY, distant cousin of Theodore Roosevelt, won election by a landslide, president at this time

Dr. Francis Townsend

felt that FDR wasn't supporting elderly, elderly lost support for FDR

congress of industrial organizations

changed name of committee for industrial organization
-expelled from AFL

court packing

FDR passes a law to appoint 6 new justices to supreme court, all elements at the time were democratic, easy to pass bill, Roosevelt aimed to increase the size of the Supreme Court, bring in new justices to change balance of opinion of the Court, proposed to pack the Court in the 1930s

election of 1936

FDR was extremely popular, with 12 largest city supporting him, new deal labor laws got him support form various religious and ethnic groups, FDR won in a landslide victory

deficit spending

spending more money than the government receives in revenue

fireside chats

used to communicate with American's, discuss issues in the American economy, FDR said nation's welfare depended on public support of government and banking system, if too many people demand savings in cash, banks fail

memorial day massacre

memorial day, 1937, police broke a stride, 10 killed, 84 wounded

NLRB vs. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp.

NLRB = mediator in dispute
decision declared wagner act constitutional, moment in time when supreme court stops challenging the new deal act and legislation
-pages 502-503 in book


transfer from private to state ownership

new deal coalition

labor unions flourish, FDR became a "friend of Mexico," union memberships grow, effected miners and workers in mass-production industries, CIO formed with John Lewis and David Dubinsky


employed by 1st and 2nd AAA to support agricultural prices, price intended to keep farmers income steady

poll tax

FDR refused to pass federal anti lynching laws and laws to end poll taxes

share the wealth campaign

huey long created share the wealth, he believes that all the wealth in the nation should be distributed evenly, "every man a king"

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