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in the church architecture, the use of alternating wall supports in the nave, usually piers and columns or compound piers of alternating form
the continuous molding framining an arch, in Romanesque or Gothic architecture, on of the series of concentric bands framing the tympanum
tracery which is composed of thin stone elements rather than thick ones as in plate tracery, the glass rather than the stone dominates when bar tracery is used, more delicate and web-like effect
row of unpierced arches attached to a wall in order to strengthen or decorate it, those intended for decoration are often richly carved
a pier with a group, or cluster, of attached shafts, or responds, especially characteristic of Gothic architecture
the space in a cruciform church formed by the intersection of the nave and the transept
a book containing passages from the Gospels, arranged in the sequences that they are to be read during the celebration of religious services, including the Mass, throughout the year.
usually a weight-carrying member, such as a pier or column; sometimes an isolated, freestanding structure used for commemorative purposes
in medieval churches, chapels for the display of relics that opened directly onto the ambulatory and the transept
a relatively slender, molded masonry arch that projects from a surface; in Gothic architecture, the ribs form the framework of the vaulting, a diagonal rib is one of the ribs that form the X of a groin
a vault in which the diagonal and transverse ribs compose a structural skeleton that partially supports the masonry web between them
"Roman like"; a term used to describe the history, culture, and art of medieval Western Europe from ca 1050 to ca 1200
the lowest stone of an arch, resting on the impost block; in Gothic vaulting, the lowest stone of a diagonal or transverse rib
a raised horizontal molding, or band in masonry, ornamental but usually reflecting interior structure
in church architecture, the pillar or center post supporting the lintel in the middle of the doorway
Barrel or tunnel vault
semi cylindrical in cross-section is in effect a deep arch or an uninterrupted series of arches, one behind the other, over an oblong space; a quadrant vault is a half-barrel vault
a vault characteristic of English Perpendicular Gothic, in which radiating ribs form a fanlike pattern
the studio of a master artist which apprenticies or students learn by participating in the work
consists typically of an inclined member carried on an arch or a series of arches and a solid butress to which it transmits its lateral thrust
in drawing or painting, the treatment and use of light and dark, especially the gradations of light that produce the effect of modeling
the fenestrated part of a building that rises above the roofs of the other parts, in Roman basilicas and medieval churches, the window that formed the nave's uppermost level below the timber ceiling or the vaults
in late antiquity, and association of Christian families pooling funds to purchase porperty for burial; in later medieval Europe, and organization founded by laypersons who dedicated themselves to strict regilous observances
English gothic architecture, rich ornamentation adn the use of ogees in arches and window tracery
a late Gothic style of architecture superseding the Rayonnant style and named for the flame like appearance of its pointed bar tracery
making stain glass windows, fusing one layer of coloered glass to another to produce a greater range of colors
triangular section of wall at the end of a pitched roof, occupying the space between the two slopes of the roof
originally derogatory term named after the Goths (by Vasari) used to describe the history, culture, and the art of Western Europe in 12th-14th century
an organization of persons with related interests, goals, especially formed for mutual aid or protection
a professed believer who maintains religious opinions contrary to those accepted by his or her church or rejects doctrines prescribed by that church
adapted the French Cothic manner to Sienese art, appealed to aristocracy b/c of its brilliant color, lavish costume, intricate ornament, and themes involving procession of knights and ladies
in the manufacture of stained- glass window, the joining of colored glass piecee using lead cames
a heavily illustrated Bible, each page pairing paintings of Old Testament episodes with explanations of their moeal signficance
in basilica architecture, the series of arches supported by piers or columns separating the nave from the aisles
in Gothic churches, a sharply pointed ornament capping the piers or flying buttresses also used on church facades
tracery which uses thick areas of stone to separate glozed areas. the window maybe look as if it has been filled w/ stone and there are small openings for the glass
the radiant style of Gothic architecture, dominant in the second half of the 13th century and associated with the French royal court of Louis IX at Paris
an engaged column, pilaster, or similar element that either projects from a compound pier or some other supporting device or is bonded to a wall and carries one end of an arch
in Christian art, the wounds that Christ received at his crucifixation that miraculously appear on the body of a saint
paint in which an emulsion consisting of water, egg yolk, and sometime oil is used as a binder (medium)
in a Gothic Cathedral, the blind arcaded gallery below the clerestory; occasionally the arcades are filled with stained glass
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