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85 terms

AP Art History Packet 6

la da di da di, art histooory
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Alternate-support system
in the church architecture, the use of alternating wall supports in the nave, usually piers and columns or compound piers of alternating form
Arcade
a series of arches supported by piers or columns
Archivolt
the continuous molding framining an arch, in Romanesque or Gothic architecture, on of the series of concentric bands framing the tympanum
bar tracery
tracery which is composed of thin stone elements rather than thick ones as in plate tracery, the glass rather than the stone dominates when bar tracery is used, more delicate and web-like effect
blind arcade
row of unpierced arches attached to a wall in order to strengthen or decorate it, those intended for decoration are often richly carved
Campanile
a bell tower of a church, usually, but not always, freestanding
Compound pier
a pier with a group, or cluster, of attached shafts, or responds, especially characteristic of Gothic architecture
Crossing square
the space in a cruciform church formed by the intersection of the nave and the transept
Crossing tower
the tower over the crossing of a church
Crusades
in medieval Europe, armed pilgrimages aimed at recapturing the Holy Land from the Muslims
Embroidery
technique of sewing threads onto a finished ground to form contrasting designs
Incrustation
wall decoration consisting of bring(?) panels of different colors
Jambs
in architecture, the side posts of a doorway
Lectionary
a book containing passages from the Gospels, arranged in the sequences that they are to be read during the celebration of religious services, including the Mass, throughout the year.
Lintel
a beam used to span an opening
Pilgrimage
a journey to a sacred place or shrine
Pillar
usually a weight-carrying member, such as a pier or column; sometimes an isolated, freestanding structure used for commemorative purposes
Portal
door, gate, or entrance, esp. one of imposing appearance
Radiating chapels
in medieval churches, chapels for the display of relics that opened directly onto the ambulatory and the transept
Reliquary
a container for keeping relics
Rib
a relatively slender, molded masonry arch that projects from a surface; in Gothic architecture, the ribs form the framework of the vaulting, a diagonal rib is one of the ribs that form the X of a groin
Rib vault
a vault in which the diagonal and transverse ribs compose a structural skeleton that partially supports the masonry web between them
Romanesque
"Roman like"; a term used to describe the history, culture, and art of medieval Western Europe from ca 1050 to ca 1200
Scriptorium
the writing studio of a monastery
Sculpture in the round
freestanding figures, carved or modeled in 3 dimensions
Springing
the lowest stone of an arch, resting on the impost block; in Gothic vaulting, the lowest stone of a diagonal or transverse rib
Stringcourse
a raised horizontal molding, or band in masonry, ornamental but usually reflecting interior structure
Thrust
the outward force exerted by an arch or vault that must be counterbalanced by a buttress
Transom
crosspece separating a door or the like from a window
Transverse arch
an arch separating one vaulted bay from the next
Tribune
in church architecture, a gallery over the inner aisle flanking the nave
Trumeau
in church architecture, the pillar or center post supporting the lintel in the middle of the doorway
Tympanum
Gothic. semicircular over the doorway for a church enclosed by an arch. decorated.
Vault
a masonry roof or ceiling constructed on the arch principle
Barrel or tunnel vault
semi cylindrical in cross-section is in effect a deep arch or an uninterrupted series of arches, one behind the other, over an oblong space; a quadrant vault is a half-barrel vault
Groin or Cross vault
formed at the point at which two barrel vaults intersect at right angles
Ribbed vault
framework of ribs or arches under the intersections of the vaulting sections
Sexpartite vault
a vault whose ribs divide the vault into 6 compartments
Fan vault
a vault characteristic of English Perpendicular Gothic, in which radiating ribs form a fanlike pattern
Westwork
the facade and towers at the western end of a medieval church, mainly in Germany
Battlement
a low parapet at the top of a circuit wall in fortification
Bottega
the studio of a master artist which apprenticies or students learn by participating in the work
Breviary
a Christian religious book of selected daily praters and psalms
Buttress
an exterior masonry structure that opposes the lateral thrust of an arch or a vault
Pier buttress
a solid mass of masonry
Flying buttress
consists typically of an inclined member carried on an arch or a series of arches and a solid butress to which it transmits its lateral thrust
Cartoon
in painting, a full-size preliminary dramwing from which a painting is made
Chiaroscuro
in drawing or painting, the treatment and use of light and dark, especially the gradations of light that produce the effect of modeling
Clerestory
the fenestrated part of a building that rises above the roofs of the other parts, in Roman basilicas and medieval churches, the window that formed the nave's uppermost level below the timber ceiling or the vaults
Colonnettes
thin column often used for decoration or to support an arcade
Confraternity
in late antiquity, and association of Christian families pooling funds to purchase porperty for burial; in later medieval Europe, and organization founded by laypersons who dedicated themselves to strict regilous observances
Decorated style
English gothic architecture, rich ornamentation adn the use of ogees in arches and window tracery
Duomo
cathedral in Italy
Flamboyant
a late Gothic style of architecture superseding the Rayonnant style and named for the flame like appearance of its pointed bar tracery
Flashing
making stain glass windows, fusing one layer of coloered glass to another to produce a greater range of colors
Gables
triangular section of wall at the end of a pitched roof, occupying the space between the two slopes of the roof
Gargoyles
a grotesque ornamental figure or projection
Gesso
plaster like material for paint
Gothic
originally derogatory term named after the Goths (by Vasari) used to describe the history, culture, and the art of Western Europe in 12th-14th century
Grisaille
a monochrome painting done maintly in neutral grays to stimulate sculpture
Guild
an organization of persons with related interests, goals, especially formed for mutual aid or protection
Heretic
a professed believer who maintains religious opinions contrary to those accepted by his or her church or rejects doctrines prescribed by that church
International Style
adapted the French Cothic manner to Sienese art, appealed to aristocracy b/c of its brilliant color, lavish costume, intricate ornament, and themes involving procession of knights and ladies
Lancet
in Gothic architecture, the tall narrow window ending in a pointed arch
Leading
in the manufacture of stained- glass window, the joining of colored glass piecee using lead cames
Moralized Bible
a heavily illustrated Bible, each page pairing paintings of Old Testament episodes with explanations of their moeal signficance
Mullion
a vertical member that divides a window or that separates on window from another
Nave arcade
in basilica architecture, the series of arches supported by piers or columns separating the nave from the aisles
Oculus
the round center of a dome and a small round window in a Gothic cathedral
Palazzo
an impressive public building or private residence, palace
Pendant
the large hanging terminal element of a Gothic fan vault
Perpendicular style
English Gothic architecture, vertical style
Pinnacle
in Gothic churches, a sharply pointed ornament capping the piers or flying buttresses also used on church facades
Plate tracery
tracery which uses thick areas of stone to separate glozed areas. the window maybe look as if it has been filled w/ stone and there are small openings for the glass
Polyptych
an altarpiece made up of more than 3 sections
Predella
narrow ledge on which an altarpiece rests on an altar
Rayonnant
the radiant style of Gothic architecture, dominant in the second half of the 13th century and associated with the French royal court of Louis IX at Paris
Respond
an engaged column, pilaster, or similar element that either projects from a compound pier or some other supporting device or is bonded to a wall and carries one end of an arch
Rose window
a circular stained-glass window
Stigmata
in Christian art, the wounds that Christ received at his crucifixation that miraculously appear on the body of a saint
Tempera
paint in which an emulsion consisting of water, egg yolk, and sometime oil is used as a binder (medium)
Tracery
interlacing work of lines, like, as in the upper part of a Gothic window
Triforium
in a Gothic Cathedral, the blind arcaded gallery below the clerestory; occasionally the arcades are filled with stained glass
Tondo
a round painting relief, or similar work of art
Web
in Gothic architecture the masonry blocks that fill the area between the ribs of groin vault