65 terms

Anatomy

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Superior
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body; above
Inferior
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structure or the body; below
Anterior
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Posterior
Toward or at the backside of the body; behind
Medial
toward the midline of the body; on the inner side of
Lateral
away from the midline of the body; on the outer side of
Proximal
Closer to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
Distal
farther from the origin of a body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
superficial
toward or at the body surface
deep
Away from the body surface; more internal
Ipsilateral
on the same side of the body
Contralateral
on the opposite side of the body
sagittal plane
divides body into left and right
midsagittal plane
divides the body into equal right and left sides
frontal (coronal) plane
vertical plane dividing the body or structure into anterior and posterior portions
Transverse
Divides body into upper and lower parts
Abdominal
abdomen
Antebrachial
forearm
Antecubital
front of elbow
Brachial
upper arm
Buccal
cheek
costal
ribs
Crural
shin
Cubital
elbow
Femoral
pertaining to the femur (thigh bone)
Fibular
side of leg
Frontal
forehead
hallux
big toe
Inguinal
groin
Mammary
breast
manual
hand
mental
chin
Nasal
nose
ocular, orbital
eye
oral
mouth
Optic/auris
Ear
Patellar
kneecap
Pectoral
chest
Pelvic
pelvis
Sternal
breastbone
Umbilical
belly button
Acromial
shoulder
Axillary
armpit
calcaneus
heel bone
Carpal
wrist
Cephalic/cranium
head
Cervcial
neck
Coxal
hip
digital
fingers
Dorsal
back
Gluteal
butt
Lumbar
lower back
Occipital
back of head
Palmer
palm
pedal
foot
peroneal
side of leg
plantar
sole of foot
Pollex
Thumb
Popliteal
back of knee
Scapular
shoulder blade
Sacral
area between hips
Sural
calf
Tarsal
ankle
Vertebral
spine
Public/ genital
Anus