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Terms in this set (24)
Being informed about government anf public affairs. It helps (1) foster civic virtues, such as political tolerance; (2) helps citizens identify what policies benefit them, and incorporate this information when voting; and (3) promotes active participation in politics.
The institutions through which public policies are made for a society.
Goods and services, such as schools, libraries, hospitals, and highways, that are provided by the government and private sector.
Goods and services, such as clean air and clean water, than by their nature cannot be denied to anyone.
The process of determining the leaders we select and the policies they pursue. Politics produced authoritative decisions about public issues.
All the activities by which citizens attempt to influence the selection of political leaders and the policies they pursue, voting is the most common means of political participation in a democracy. Other means include contacting public officials, protest, and civil disobedience.
Groups that have a narrow interest on which their members tend to take an uncompromising stance.
The process by which policy comes into being and evolves. People's interests, problems, and concerns create political issues for government policy makers. These issues shape policy, which in turn impacts people, generating more interests, problems, and concerns.
The political channels through which people's concerns become political issues on the policy agenda. In the United States, linkage institutions include elections, political parties, interest groups, and the media.
The issues that attract the serious attention of public officials and other people involved in politics at a point in time.
An issue that arises when people disagree about a problem and how to fix it.
The branches of government charged with taking action on political issues. The United States Constitution establishes 3 policymaking institutions: Congress, the presidency, and the courts. Today, the power of the bureaucracy is so great that most political scientists consider it a 4th policymaking institution.
A choice that government makes in response to a political issue. A policy is a course of action taken with regard to some problem.
The effects a policy has on people and problems. Impacts are analyzed to see how well a policy has met its goal and at what cost.
A system of selecting policymakers and of organizing government so that policy represents and responds to the public's preferences.
A fundamental principle of traditional democratic theory. In a democracy, choosing among alternatives requires that the majority's desires be respected.
A principle of traditional democratic theory that guarantees rights to those who do not belong to majorities.
A basic principle of traditional democratic theory that describes the relationship between the few leaders and many followers.
A theory of American democracy emphasizing that the policymaking process is very open to the participation of all groups with shared interests, with no single group usually dominating. Pluralists tend to believe that as a result, public interest generally prevails.
A theory of American democracy contending that an upper-class elite holds the power and make policy, regardless of the formal government organization.
A theory of American democracy contending that groups are so strong that government, which gives in to the many different groups, is thereby weakened.
A condition that occurs when interests conflict and no coalition is strong enough to form a majority and establish policy, so nothing gets done.
An overall set of values widely shared within a society.
Gross domestic product
The sum total of the value of all the goods and services produced in a year in a nation.
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