CYAF 380 Module 1-6 Quiz answers
Terms in this set (56)
Theory is best described as
a general framework that enables you to make sense of the many facets of the helping process, providing you with a map that gives direction to what you do and say
Behavioral approaches can be integrated into counseling with culturally diverse populations
A theory provides a structure for
evaluating the outcomes of interventions, designing appropriate interventions, and organizing information you get about a client
Object Relations Theory has its roots in what category
The theory that examines the family through a lens of intergenerational transmission of patterns of interaction is...
Bowen Family Systems Theory
In what theoretical framework do you work to extinguish automatic behaviors and thoughts within the thinking of the people you are working with?
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
What theory has been integrated more into present-day theories than most others?
In a family-systems approach, symptoms are viewed as an expression of a dysfunction within a family that are often passed across several generations
The current trend is for practitioners to adhere to one specific theory rather than developing an integrative approach to the helping process
The principle goal of the _______ approach is to challenge clients to recognize the and accept the freedom they have to beocome the authors of their own lives.
A good relationship comes from one single interaction between two players
Professionals in helping relationships should be aware of how their verbal and/or non-verbal behavior affects others.
Forming a relationship involves
progression of more advanced exchanges over time
According to the article means, "children's characterization of their interactions with adults as welcome, affiliative, safe, and cooperative."
Children's expectations of adults
shape their experiences with that adult
Children's perception of others is
in part molded by labeling and influenced by behavior and psychological factors
Per social-exchange theory, building rapport is enhanced when adults
are genuine, predictable, and fit a child's concept of a typical adult.
Children use _____ and _____ to make assumptions about others
behavioral; psychological information
Autonomy-supportive adults might
give children choices and use democratic styles
output from both the child and the adult
Which way of knowing is risky because charisma may overshadow expertise
According to the reading, epistemological rigidity should be scrutinized
What is not among the main Epistemologies described in the article "Sustainable Knowledge in Professional Practice"?
Epistemological knowledge is like the story "The Emperor's New Clothes" in that sometimes we go along with things that are "known" in order to continue the status quo and avoid looking stupid.
The integration process of Epistemological approaches should be explicitly and unintentional in order to improve the rigor and therefore the efficacy of practice
What "way of knowing" is immediate and NOT linked to your observations?
What "way of knowing" is based on societal mores?
What epistemology has the weakness of being based on preconceived assumptions that may not be accurate?
What epistemology has a weakness of taking a long time to produce knowledge?
Ecological theory can be used to understand bullying by focusing on...
how individual characteristics of children interact with environmental contexts or systems to promote or prevent bullying.
An exosystem factor that contributes to bullying....
a neighborhood high in crime
A macrosystem factor that contributes to bullying...
A culture that condones aggression between men and women
Students are more willing to seek help from teachers or school officials when teachers intervene in students' peer conflicts. This is an example of....
a mesosystem factor
Staff and professionals working with children should participate in professional development training to recognize and intervene to support youth
Giving families the benefit of knowing what is best for their children and guaranteeing confidentiality is:
Teachers and professionals working with families need to use communication that...
uses verbal as well as nonverbal skills to interpret messages
An example of a verbal reinforcer is:
"Mmmmm...", "I see", or "Yes"
Gestwicki recommends that teachers and helping professionals adopt a contemporary concept of professionalism when working with families. What characteristic is NOT part of that train of thought?
Families are peripheral to the process of decision-making
Some of the important details about communicating effectively shared by Gestwicki included verbal and nonverbal communication skills. What carries the greatest impact on the receiver?
Two aspects of genuine dialog in a helping relationship are
turn taking and connection
How do you express empathy toward others
be present, face the person, and pay attention
Partial listening is only skimming the words of the conversation partner, according to...
Part of motivational interviewing entails cultivating insight with regard to clients' goals. To do that, one must...
look for patterns in your clients moods, feelings, and behavior, and join the client where they are
One of the most effective ways you can make an impact with others is by concentrating on problem solving when faced with a dilemma.
How can non-verbal communication either enhance or modify verbal expression?
through punctuating verbal exchanges, by controlling the flow and direction of the conversation, and by creating confusion through mixed messages (smiling when telling a sad story.)
The environments in which people live do not influence their world views, expressive communication skills or personality development. Therefore, in the helping professions it is important to focus more on individual problems attributed to individual characteristics.
Listening is not such an easy task, according to Egan. Given that each of us carries a set of life experiences and biases, it is easy to misinterpret clients' reports. Some types of distorted listening include...
Filtered listening and evaluative listening
What does Icks mean by "empathic accuracy"?
The ability to accurately infer the specific content of another person's thoughts and feelings
The basic formula Egan suggests beginners use to deliver empathic understanding is:
"You feel... because..."
Use empathy at every stage of the helping process
According to Egan, helpers who use cliches risk conveying to clients that they don't really have a problem at all
What technique from the shadow side to be avoided implies that what is really important is hidden from the client?
According to Skovholt, the Ocean method of attaching to clients means:
Dive into the ocean of the clients world and understand the ambiguity and complexity within their ocean
According to Skovholt, it is natural for a beginning helper to feel ownership of a clients' change.
Empathy is perhaps one of the single most important skills that a helper can have
According to the information within the entire module, as the helper/helpee relationship advances over time...
it is equally as difficult to show empathy from the beginning to the end of the relationship.