Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Psychology of Abnormal Behavior Ch. 1
Terms in this set (85)
The scientific study of abnormal behavior undertaken to describe, predict, explain, and change abnormal patterns of functioning.
Role of Clinical practitioners
To detect, assess, and treat abnormal patterns of functioning.
The Four D's of Abnormal Behavior
Deviance, distress, dysfunction, danger
different, extreme, unusual, perhaps even bizarre
unpleasant and upsetting to the person
interfering with the person's ability to conduct daily activities in a constructive way
In short, abnormal behavior, thoughts, and emotions are
those that differ markedly from a society's ideas about proper functioning
stated and unstated rules for proper conduct
A society's history, values, institutions, habits, skills, technology, and arts.
Can a person who functions abnormally maintain a positive frame of mind?
It so upsets, distracts, or confuses people that they cannot care for themselves properly, participate in ordinary social interactions, or work productively.
Does dysfunction alone indicate psychological abnormality?
The clinical theorist that argues the deviations that society calls abnormal are simply "problems in living," not signs of something wrong within the person
a person who deviates from common behavior patterns or displays odd or whimsical behavior; an unusual patter with which other have no right to interfere.
30 & 19
In any given year, as many as __% of the adults and __% of the children and adolescents in the US display serious psychological disturbances and are in need of clinical treatment.
The supernatural view of abnormality may have begun as far back as the
an ancient operation in which a stone instrument was used to cut away a circular section of the skull to release evil spirits causing hallucinations or melancholia (extreme sadness and immobility)
The treatment for abnormality in the early societies; the idea was to coax the evil spirits to leave or to make the person's body an uncomfortable place in which to live.
Taught that illnesses had natural causes; saw abnormal behavior as a disease arising from internal physical problems.
Looked to an unbalance of the four fluids, or humors. Suggested treatments attempted to "rebalance"
Treatment, or therapy
a procedure designed to change abnormal behavior into more normal behavior
What are the 3 essential features of therapy?
1. A sufferer who seeks relief from the healer
2. A trained, socially accepted healer, whose expertise is accepted by the sufferer and his or her social group.
3. A series of contacts between the healer and the sufferer through which the healer tries to produce certain changes in the sufferer's emotional state, attitudes, and behavior.
Conflict and confusion
Despite this straightforward definition, clinical treatment is surrounded by ______ and ______.
Middle Ages (500-1350 AD)
The church rejected scientific forms of investigation, and it controlled all education during the
Seen as a conflict between good and evil
The Renaissance and the Rise of Asylums; Demonological views of abnormality continue to decline
A German physician who believed that the mind was as susceptible to sickness as the body
Institutions whose primary purpose was care for the mentally ill but became virtual prisons due to overcrowding.
Pinel and Tuke
Advocated moral treatment-- care that emphasized moral guidance and humane and respectful techniques
The factors that led to a reversal of the moral treatment movement:
1. money and staff shortages
2. declining recovery rates
4. emergence of prejudice
In 2013, a Canadian woman was denied entry into the U.S. because
she had been hospitalized for depression in the previous year
Argued that the patients were sick people whose illnesses should be treated with sympathy and kindness rather than chains and beatings
Founded the York Retreat, a rural estate where about 30 mental patients lived as guests in quiet country houses and were treated with a combination of rest, talk, prayer, and manual work.
a nineteenth-century approach to treating people with mental dysfunction that emphasized moral guidance and humane and respectful treatment
Father of American Psychiatry; eminent physician at Pennsylvania Hospital who developed humane approaches to treatment. He was the person MOST responsible for the early spread of moral treatment in the United States.
Boston schoolteacher who made humane care a public and political concern in the US. State hospitals.
Public mental institutions in the US, run by the individual states.
the view that abnormal psychological functioning has physical causes
the view that the chief causes of abnormal functioning are psychological
argued that physical factors, such as fatigue, are responsible for mental dysfunction. He constructed the first modern system for classifying abnormal behavior identifying various syndromes (clusters of symptoms), listing their physical causes, discussing their expected course, and even measuring the effects of various drugs on abnormal behavior.
Syphilis and General Paresis
New biological discoveries also triggered the rise of the somatogenic perspective. One of the most important discoveries was than an organic disease, _____, led to______.
a procedure in which a person is placed in a trancelike mental state during which he or she becomes extremely suggestible
Friedrich Anton Mesmer
His patients suffered from hysterical disorders, mysterious bodily ailments that had no apparent physical basis
Hippolyte-Marie Bernheim and Ambroise-Auguste Liebault
showed that hysterical disorders could actually be induced in otherwise normal people while they were under the influence of hypnosis
His work eventually led him to develop the theory of psychoanalysis
either the theory or the treatment of abnormal mental functioning that emphasizes unconscious psychological forces as the cause of psychopathology
A format of treatment used by Freud, in which patients visited therapists in their offices for sessions of approximately an hour and then went about their daily activities.
drugs that mainly affect the brain and reduce many symptoms of mental dysfunctioning
The discharge, begun during the 1960s, of large numbers of patients from longterm institutional care so that they might be treated in community programs
In the 1950s, researchers discovered a number of new __________ medications.
correct extremely confused and distorted thinking
lift the mood of depressed people
reduce tension and worry
has now become the primary mode of treatment for people with sever psychological disturbances as well as for those with more moderate problems
Before the 1950s, almost all outpatient care for psychological disturbances took the form of:
an arrangement in which a person directly pays a therapist for counseling services
The community mental health approach has given rise to the prevention movement. Many of today's programs aim to
1. Correct the social conditions that underlie psychological problems
2. Help individuals at risk for developing disorders
the study and enhancement of positive feelings, traits, and abilities
A key feature of community mental health programs that seek to prevent or minimize psychological disorders.
seek to understand how culture, race, ethnicity, gender, and similar factors affect behavior and thought and how people of different cultures, races and genders may differ psychologically.
Managed care program
dominant form of insurance coverage; a program in which the insurance company determines such key issues as which therapists its clients may choose, the cost of sessions, and the number of sessions for which a client may be reimbursed.
At least __% of all privately insured person in the US are currently enrolled in managed care programs
What is a key problem with insurance coverage?
Reimbursements for mental disorders tend to be lower than those for medical disorders
One of the most important developments in the field of abnormal psychology has been the growth of theoretical perspectives, including
A related development in the study and treatment of mental disorders has been a growing appreciation of the need for effective
have tried to determine which concepts best explain and predict abnormal behavior, which treatments are most effective, and what kinds of changes may be required
provides new triggers and vehicles for the expression of abnormal behavior
shorter attention spans
multitude of digital distractions provides the foundation for:
the use of computer technology, such as Skype or avatars, to provide therapy
In the video case, Joseph underwent a ________________ study, a type of research, which, in his case, led to his death.
In the video case of Joseph, at the heart of the controversy is the question of whether his research study actually involved ______________.
In the scandalous __________ clinical study, mentally challenged young children were deliberately infected with hepatitis to help find a cure for hepatitis. When this study was exposed in the 1970s, it helped lead to the National Research Act of 1974.
In some placebo studies, __________ are administered to the control groups instead of actual placebos.
The success of the foster care programs in Gheel strongly support the principles of each of the following models, except:
the community operates by a principle of inclusiveness
According to the video. case, a key factor in the success of the Gheel foster care model is ______________.
began centuries ago when the town of Gheel formed the first "colony" of mental patients
The foster care programs in Gheel ______________.
According to the textbook, a key feature of community mental health approaches is prevention. Each of the following is a type of prevention, except:
During the Middle Ages, Bernardo and three of his friends believe that they turn into foxes when there is a new moon. During this time, they lose control over their bodies and run through a nearby wood in the dark, hoping to catch a rabbit or other small animal. If they do catch one, they eat it raw. These men are suffering from:
Which physician's discovery that syphilis led to general paresis triggered the rise of the somatogenic perspective?
He stated that all forms of therapy have three key features.
He stated that "therapists are not in agreement as to their goals or aims.... It seems as though the field is completely chaotic and divided."
Asylums were widely used to take care of the mentally ill until the late:
In 1883, he published an influential textbook arguing that physical factors were responsible for mental dysfunction.
In _____, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that eugenic sterilization was constitutional.
This practice was begun in the 1960s to release hundreds of thousands of patients from public mental hospitals.
Recommended textbook explanations
Myers' Psychology for the AP Course
David G Myers
Bundle: A Concise Introduction To Logic Aplia 1 Term Printed Access Card
Patrick J. Hurley
Understanding Psychology, Student Edition
Richard A. Kasschau
Myers' Psychology for AP
David G Myers
Sets found in the same folder
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 4: Classification of A…
Test 3 Review Questions
Abnormal Psychology Chapter 6
Chapter 1-3 quiz
Sets with similar terms
Ab Psy Exam 1, Ch 1
abnormal quiz 1
ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY CHAPTER 1
ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY CHAPTER 1
Other sets by this creator
Psychology of Abnormal Behavior Ch. 19
Psychology of Abnormal Behavior Ch. 16
Psychology of Abnormal Behavior Ch.15
Psychology of Abnormal Behavior Ch. 11-12
Other Quizlet sets
Abnormal Psychology Exam 1: Chapters 1-4
Abnormal Exam 3
Atypical Chapter 9: Conduct Problems
Chapter 12 Personality Disturbance