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22 terms

Exploration Unit Test WHII

STUDY
PLAY
Globalization
the process enabling financial and investment markets to operate internationally, the spreading of something throughout the world
Southernization
Developments that were first made in Southern Asia and then spread to other places through trade and conquest
Zheng He
a Chinese admiral who explored the Indian Ocean area
Henry the Navigator
a Portuguese prince who funded many explorers
Vasco de Gama
the first European to reach India by boat
Christopher Columbus
the man credited with discovering America
Ethnocentrism
the tendency that people have to judge foreign people/groups based on their own culture
Aztec
a great empire in the Valley of Mexico from 1325 to approximately 1502
Inca
a South American empire that was exterminated by Pizarro
Columbian Exchange
the global transfer of plants, animals, and diseases that occurred during the European colonization of the Americas
Joint-Stock Company
a business in which investors pool their wealth for a common purpose, then share the profits
Capitalism
an economic system based on private ownership and on the investment of money in business ventures in order to make a profit
Mercantilism
an economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought
Favorable Balance of Trade
an economic situation in which a country exports more than it imports - that is, sells more goods abroad than it buys from abroad
Commercial Revolution
the expansion of trade and business that transformed European economies during the 16th and 17th centuries
Tribute System
a system in which every Indian that was 14 years or older had to pay a certain amount of gold dust to the Spanish every three months, got a brass token as proof of payment
Mita System
a system in which Indian villages had to supply a certain number of men for the Spanish to work in the silver mines
Potosi Silver Mines
Modern-day Bolivia, huge silver veins beneath the surface
Sugar Plantations
a source of income for the colonies, needed slaves to work, Portugal in particular employed this in Brazil
Triangular Trade
the transatlantic trading network along which slaves and other goods were carried between Africa, England, Europe, the West Indies, and the colonies in North America
Atlantic Slave Trade
the buying, transporting, and selling of Africans for work in the Americas
Middle Passage
the voyage that brought captured Africans to the West Indies, and later to North and South America, to be as slaves - so called because it was considered the middle leg of the triangular trade