Any collected information. Generally each little measurement... Like, if it is a survey about liking porridge... the data might be "yes, yes, no, yes, yes" if it is the number of saltines someone can eat in 30 seconds, the data might be "3, 1, 2, 1, 4,3 , 3, 4" The data is the actual gathered measurements. So, if it is eye color, then the data would look like this "blue, brown, brown, brown, blue, green, blue, brown... etc." The data from categorical variables are usually words, often it is simply "YES, YES, YES, NO, YES, NO" If it was weight, then the data would be quantitative like "125, 155, 223, 178, 222, etc.." The data from quantitative variables are numbers It is the ADDED up PERCENTAGES.. An example is selling candy, 25 pieces sold overall..., with 10 the first hour, 5 the second, 3 the third, and 7 the fourth hour, we'd take the cumulative frequencies, 10, 15, 18 and 25 and divide by the total giving cumulative percentages... .40, .60, .64, and 1.00. Relative cumulative frequencies always end at 100 percent Imagine if we asked eight people how much money they had in their wallet. We found they had {1, 2, 2, 5, 5, 8, 8, 9}. The mean of this set is 5, and the median is also 5. You might say "the average person in this group had 5 bucks." But imagine if one of them just got back from the casino, and instead it was (1, 2, 2, 5, 5, 8, 8, 9000}, in this case, the median would still be 5, but the mean goes up to over 1000. Which number better describes the amount of money the average person in the group carries, 5 bucks or 1000 bucks? I think 5 is a better description of the average person in this group and the 9000 is simply an outlier.