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Arts and Humanities
PAP English 2 Literary Terms Test Review
Terms in this set (50)
A word that limits or polarizes such as: always, never, every, none, or all
A comparison to a directly parallel case.
A claim or proposition that states the argument's main idea or position; claim
Claim of fact
Claims that assert something is true or not true
Claims of value
Argues or asserts that something is good or bad, right or wrong, desirable or undesirable
Claims of policy
Arguments that propose a change
An acknowledgement that an opposing argument may be true or reasonable
An opposing argument to the one a writer is putting forward
Deduction (deductive reasoning)
An argument that reaches a conclusion by starting with a general principle or universal truth (major premise) and applying it to a specific case (minor premise)
Appeals to an audience's emotions to excite and involve them in argument
Data, facts, statistics, anecdotes, examples used to support an argument; should be relevant, accurate, and sufficient
Arguing by example is considered reliable if examples are factual as well as relevant
Asserts that a claim applies to all instances instead of some
Arranging an argument so that it leads from specific to general or from particular to universal
To be logically acceptable, support must be appropriate to the claim, believable and consistent
Words, phrases used to temper the claim; helps to avoid absolutes and overgeneralization
A denial of the validity of an opposing argument
Begging the question
The writer offers circular reasoning; instead of providing reasons or evidence they simply reword the original claim.
The writer or speaker presents two extreme options as the only possible choices
A fallacy in which a faulty conclusion is reached because of inadequate evidence.
A reference to a mythological, literary, historical, or biblical person, place, or thing
A comparison using "like" or "as"
A comparison without using like or as
A deliberate, extravagant, and often outrageous exaggeration
the opposite of exaggeration. It is a technique for developing irony and/or humor where one writes or says less than intended.
something that stands for something else
An image created by specific words and association
A reference to another work of literature, person, or event
Short and amusing or interesting account depicting a real incident or person used to support a speakers argument
An opposition or contrast of ideas that is often expressed in balanced phrases or clauses
a statement of the meaning or main point of a literary work
Attitude a writer takes toward the audience, a subject, or a character
Reasoning from general to specific
Word choice intended to convey a certain effect
Aaa mild or pleasant sounding expression that substitutes for a harsh, indelicate, or simply less pleasant idea
An umbrella term for all uses of language that imply an imaginative comparison
the audience who is physically present when a speech is delivered
Reasoning from specific to general
An audience that is not physically present, but that is affected by the speaker's message
A figure of speech in which something is referred to by using the name of something that is associated with it
What the author/speaker wants the audience to feel while reading/listening; what the author/speaker wants the audience to do after reading/listening.
A question asked for the sake of argument. No direct answer is provided.
To ridicule or mock ideas, persons, events, or doctrines, or to make fun of human foibles or weaknesses
Refers to a change or movement in a piece resulting from an epiphany, realization, or insight gained by the speaker, a character, or the reader.
The narrator of a story, poem, or drama
Refers to the way words are arranged in a sentence
Refers to a grammatical or structural similarity between sentences or parts of a sentence
The repetition of the same word or group of words at the beginning of successive clauses
method of persuasion based on evidence and reasoning
A method of persuasion based on the author's credibility
Recommended textbook explanations
myPerspectives: English Language Arts, California (Grade 9, Volume 1)
Collections: Grade 7
HOUGHTON MIFFLIN HARCOURT
Prentice Hall Literature, Grade 10: Common Core Edition
Savvas Learning Co
Florida Collections: Grade 9
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