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51 terms

World history unit 2

STUDY
PLAY
oracle bones
priests scratched questions for gods on these
Mandate of heaven
the right to rule comes from heaven
Shang Di
supreme being, ansestor worship
confucius
person who organized 5 relationships, had a desire to restore order
fillal peity
respect for parents and ansestors
Bureaucracy
system of managing government through departments run by appointed officials
legalism
a ruler should give rewards to people who did a good job
autocracy
government has all power and can do anything
ying/yang
chinese idea that two powers represented rhythms of life. helped people understand how to fit in the world.
civil service
government jobs that civilians obtained by taking tests
centralized government
central authority controls the running of a state
monopoly
one group has exclusive control over the production of certain goods
taoism
A Chinese philosophy in which people live a simple life in harmony with nature.
Great Wall of China
a fortification 1,500 miles long built across northern China in the 3rd century BC
aryans
indo-european people, noble ones
brahmins
priests in India
castes
groups in a social higharchy
hinduism
common worldview, religion mainly in India
dharma
manor of being, how to live
moksha
liberation from suffering
atman
your own individual soul
Respect for self
Respect for others
religion
rules for living in hinduism
brahmin
universal soul
reincarnation
life after death, cycle of rebirth
karma
good deeds and bad deeds follow you through lifetimes
enlightenment
wisdom
nirvana
buddha's word for release from selfishness and pain
Dharma (buddhism)
beliefes of buddhism
Asoka
chandragupta's grandson, king of Mauryan empire, followed buddhism
untouchables
lowest level of people in india's caste system
siddhartha
founder of Buddhism, also called budda
four noble truths
name of buddha's teachings
Muhammad
prophet, symbol of muslim religion
Hijrah
migration that was a turning point for islam, mecca to medina
5 pillars
duties all muslims must follow
hajj
pilgrimage to mecca
shari'a
body of law that told muslims how to act
bedouins
tribes who lived in the arabian peninsula
house of wisdom
library, academy, and translation center. texts were translated into arabic
calligraphy
art of handwriting
aryabhata
indian scientist who created pi,calculated length of solar year, modern numbers.
mecca
the holiest city of Islam; Muhammad's birthplace
caliph
leader in a muslim government
oral tradition
pass down from one generation to another by word of mouth
griot
a West African storyteller
ghana
a republic in West Africa
mali
landlocked empire in west africa
timbuktu
a city in central Mali near the Niger river
sundiata
the founder of Mali empire
Mansa Musa
most powerful king in west africa, Mali
ibn Battuta
Moroccan Muslim scholar