25 terms

Contrasting Cultures: Arabs, Persians & Kurds

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Arabs
the majority of people in the Middle East belong to this ethnic group
Persian
Today most Iranians speak Farsi and belong to _______________ ethnic group.
Synagogue
Jewish house of worship
Kurdistan
where many Kurds live; a mountainous region which includes parts of Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Turkey.
Torah
The Jewish sacred text; A Hebrew word meaning "law," referring to the first five books of the Old Testament.
Bible
The holy book of Christians.
Sharia Law
the system of Islamic law based on the Qu'ran
Jesus
Founder of Christianity; was a carpenter who taught kindness and was born to a Jewish family
Jews
Some people consider this group to be both an ethnic and religious group
Abraham
Central figure in Judaism, Islam, and Christianity
monotheistic
believing in one God
polytheistic
belief in two or more gods
Judaism
a monotheistic religion of the Jews based on the Torah
Islam
A religion based on the teachings of the prophet Mohammed which stresses belief in one god (Allah) and whose sacred text is the Quran. Followers are called Muslims.
Christianity
a monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus Christ
Sunni and Shia
the two divisions of the Islamic faith
Sunni
Branch of Islam whose followers wanted the community to choose the best leader after Muhammad's death
Shia
Branch of Islam in which believers think the leader of the faith must be a direct relative (descendant) of the prophet Muhammad
Standard of living
the financial health of a nation measured by how much a nation consumes
literacy rate
percentage of a population that can that can read and write
Mecca
the holiest city of Islam; Muhammad's birthplace
5 Pillars of Islam
Faith, Prayer, Charity, Fasting, Pilgrimage
Israel
the highest literacy rate in the Middle East
ethnic group
this group shares common cultural characteristics like language, customs, and clothing.
religious group
this group shares a belief