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AP Literature Fiction Terms
Terms in this set (34)
An indirect or passing reference to some event, person, place, or artistic work; the nature and relevance of which is not explained by the writer, but relies on the reader's familiarity with what is thus mentioned.
Repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses, or sentences.
Ex: "We shall not flag or fail. We shall go on to the end. We shall fight in France."
The character, force, or collection of forces in fiction or drama that opposes the protagonist and gives rise to the conflict of the story.
The process by which a writer makes a character seem real to the reader.
Spoken or written communication that seeks to imitate everyday speech.
A French term meaning "unraveling" or "unknotting," used to describe the resolution of the plot following the climax.
The verbal exchanges between characters.
An author's choice of words. Since words have specific meanings and since one's choice of words can affect feelings, a writer's choice of words can have great impact in a literary work.
In fiction, when a character suddenly experiences a deep realization about himself/herself.
A narrated scene that marks a break in the narrative in order to inform the reader or audience member about events that took place before the opening scene of a work.
A character in a work whose behavior and values contrast with those of another character in order to highlight the distinctive temperament of that character.
The introduction early in a story of verbal and dramatic hints that suggest what is to come later.
The result of inserting one more more stories within the body of a narrative that encompasses the smaller ones
A figure of speech in which an overstatement or exaggeration is used for deliberate effect.
A figure of speech that occurs when a person says one thing, but means the opposite.
An event occurs that directly contradicts the expectations of the characters, the reader, or the audience.
A type of understatement in which an idea is expressed by negating its opposite.
Ex. Describing a particularly horrific scene by saying, "It was not a pretty picture."
A recurrent image, word, phrase, represented object, or action that tends to unify the literary work or may be elaborated into a more general theme.
A literary form in which the style of an author or particular work is mocked in its style for the sake of comic effect.
A metaphor in which human qualities are attributed to non-humans or animals.
An author's selection and arrangement of incidents in a story to shape the action and give the story a particular focus.
point of view
The perspective from which the writer tells the story (first person, third person limited, third person omniscient, third person objective).
Ordinary writing as distinguished from verse.
The central character of a literary work.
A play on words that relies on a word's having more than one meaning or sounding like another word.
A fully developed character
A literary work which exposes and ridicules human vices or folly. It is usually intended as a moral criticism directed against the injustice or social wrong.
The physical and social context in which the action of a story occurs.
A fictional character that relies heavily on cultural types or stereotypes for its personality, manner or speech, and other characteristics. Stock characters are instantly recognizable to members of given cultures.
The anxious anticipation of a reader or an audience as to the outcome of a story.
A figure of speech in which something (object, person, situation, or action) means more than what it is. A symbol may be read literally and metaphorically.
The way in which linguistic elements (words and phrases) are arranged to form grammatical structure.
The abstract concept explored in a literary work.
The author's implicit attitude toward a reader or the people, places, and events in a work as revealed by the elements of the author's style.
This set is often in folders with...
AP Literature Poetry Terms
AP Lit Drama and Fiction Literary Terms
AP Literature Fiction Terms
AP English Literature Terms
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