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Key Concepts:

Terms in this set (81)

father of the Psychoanalytic School of Psychology
• divided the mind into the conscious, preconscious and unconscious mind
• emphasized the way our unconscious thought processes and our emotional responses to
childhood experiences affect our behavior
• divided personality into the
• id: includes inborn drives and impulses following the pleasure principle
• ego: tries to satisfy the demands of the id without going against the restrictions of the
superego following the reality principle
• superego: the moral/ideal self
• proposed five psychosexual stages:
• oral (0-18 m.) pleasure centers on the mouth (sucking, biting, chewing, etc.)
• anal (18-36 m.) pleasure focuses on bowel and bladder elimination; coping with demands
for control
• phallic (3-6 yrs) pleasure zone is the genitals; coping with incestuous sexual feelings
(Oedipus and Electra complex)
• latency (6 to puberty) a phase of dormant sexual feelings
• genital (puberty on) maturation of sexual interests
• fixation: a person remains at a psychosexual stage
• developed how the ego protects itself through the use of defense mechanisms:
• repression; banishes anxiety arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories to the
unconscious mind
• regression; retreating to a more infantile psychosexual stage, where some psychic energy
remains fixated
• reaction formation; switching unacceptable impulses into their opposites
• projection; disguising one's own threatening impulses by attributing them to others
• rationalization; offering self-justifying explanations in place of the real, more threatening
unconscious reasons for ones actions
• displacement; shifting sexual or aggressive impulses toward a more except the bull or less
threatening object or person
• sublimation; transferring of unacceptable impulses into socially valued motives
• denial; refusing to believe were even perceive painful realities