15 terms

Geography terms - Foundations

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cartography
the study and practice of making maps. Combining science, aesthetics, and technique, this discipline builds on the premise that reality can be modeled in ways that communicate spatial information effectively.
continent
any of the world's main continuous expanses of land (Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, South America).
degree
a unit of measurement of angles, one three-hundred-and-sixtieth of the circumference of a circle. The unit of measurement of latitude and longitude.
elevation
the height above or below the Earth's sea level.
equator
an imaginary line drawn around the earth equally distant from both poles, dividing the Earth into northern and southern hemispheres and constituting the parallel of latitude 0°.
geography
a science that deals with the description, distribution, and interaction of the diverse physical, biological, and cultural features of the earth's surface
gulf
a deep inlet of the sea almost surrounded by land, with a narrow mouth.
hemisphere
a half of the Earth, usually as divided into northern and southern halves by the equator, or into western and eastern halves by an imaginary line passing through the poles.
isthmus
a narrow strip of land with sea on either side, forming a link between two larger areas of land.
latitude
the angular distance of a place north or south of the earth's equator, usually expressed in degrees and minutes. The horizontal lines measuring degrees north or south on a map.
longitude
the angular distance of a place east or west of the meridian at Greenwich, England, usually expressed in degrees and minutes. The vertical lines measuring degrees east or west on a map.
peninsula
a piece of land almost surrounded by water or projecting out into a body of water.
Prime Meridian
the Earth's zero of longitude, which passes through Greenwich, England.
scale
a bar on a map that indicates relationship between the distances on a map and the corresponding actual distances
tropics
either parallel of latitude 23°26ʹ north or 23°26ʹ south tropic of of the equator. The general term for the region between these two lines.