18 terms

Abeka Physics Chapter 10

This set covers Abeka Physics Chapter 10: "Circular and Periodic Motion" (pages 144-157).
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periodic motion
term for any motion that occurs repeatedly after the same lapse of time
uniform circular motion
type of motion that an object exhibits when it follows a circular path at constant speed
centripetal acceleration
term for an orbiting (or rotating) object's acceleration toward the center of a circle due to a force causing a constant change in direction
centripetal force
term for any force producing centripetal acceleration
centrifugal force
term for any force that pushes or pulls an object away from the center of a circle
equilibrium
point at which the restorative force on an object and its original force are in balance
oscillatory motion
term for repetitive motion back and forth over the same path
period
term for the time it takes for one full oscillation to occur
amplitude
term for the absolute value of the maximum displacement in either direction during oscillation
frequency
term for the number of oscillations that occur per unit time
simple harmonic motion
term for periodic motion that follows the same path over the same time interval and is caused by a restorative force that is proportional to displacement
simple pendulum
term for a freely swinging mass hanging from a thin, massless connector
the square root of its length
The period of a pendulum depends on..
the square root of the acceleration due to gravity
The period of a pendulum is inversely dependent on....
its mass or amplitude
The period of a pendulum does not depend on..
physical pendulum
term for any rigid body mounted so that it can swing in a plane about a point of support
natural frequency
Every physical object has a _____ ______ of vibration.
resonance
term for the point at which the driving frequency and the natural frequency are the same