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BJU US History Chapter 16
Terms in this set (48)
What 4 things led to the growth of American industry during the Gilded Age?
Increase population through baby boom and immigration, innovative spirit fostered new machines and methods, a sympathetic government, new sources of power
________________ allowed even middle-class Americans to afford high-quality, stylish clothing.
What was the Civil Service Commission designed to do?
stop the abuses of the spoils system
How did most Americans feel about federal regulation "of railroads?
What was America's first important labor union and how did it feel about strikes?
The Knights of Labor -- was relatively conservative and tried to avoid strikes
What did the Homestead Strike of 1892 accomplish for the workers?
What did the Reform Darwinists believe about the nature of man?
Man is inherently good
What philosophy became popular in America during the late 1800's as a result of mass
Describe the following in a few words:
a) Cornelius Vanderbilt
a) a shipping entrepreneur
b) Andrew Carnegie
b) Steel entrepreneur
c) John D. Rockefeller
c) oil-refining entrepreneur
d) J P Morgan
e) James Buchanan Duke
e) South's tobacco entrepreneur
f) Alexander Graham Bell
f) inventor of the telephone
g) Thomas Alva Edison
g) America's most prolific inventor
h) Samuel Gompers
h) Labor union leader
Who were the following:
Corrupt New York politician who controlled the Customs House
a) Roscoe Conkling
b) Reforming president who was assassinated
b) James A. Garfield
c) Reformed the civil service system
c) Chester A. Arthur
d) 1st Democratic president since the war; championed commerce reform
d) Grover Cleveland
e) Built Great Northern Railroad without any gov't money or special favors
e) James J. Hill
f) Built Great Northern Railroad without any gov't money or special favors
f) Benjamin Harrison
g) Leader of the Knights of Labor
g) Terence V. Powderly
h) Radical leader of the Socialist Party
h) Eugene V. Debs
i) The "Great Commoner" and free silver crusader
i) William Jennings Bryan
j) Winner of the 1st modern presidential election campaign (1896)
j) William McKinley
What severe depression hit America during Grover Cleveland's 2nd administration?
Panic of '93
What is an injunction?
A court order forbidding an action
What philosophy advocates the collective or gov't ownership or regulation of the means of production?
What midwestern free-silver party became prominent in the 1890's?
Who developed the theory of natural selection?
Why did Rockefeller choose to invest in oil refining instead of some other segment of industry?
refining was a safe investment
What was the first major trust?
Standard Oil Company
What were the twin pillars of the "New South"?
Tobacco and textiles
What was the most significant communications achievement during the Gilded Age?
What issues dominated politics during the Gilded Age?
civil service reform, tariff revision, and aid to the poor
Why was the tariff of 1883 called the "Mongrel Tariff"?
numerous amendments made the tariff revision ineffective
What was the main cause for the passage of the Interstate Commerce Act?
problems in the railroad industry
What gov't act most seriously hurt the nation's economy?
What event discredited the Knights of Labor?
When did the American Railway Union defy an injunction by federal courts?
What was the most significant goal of the Grange during the 1870's?
State Regulation of the railroad
What was the main part of the Populist Party platform?
Name 3 major elements of American society during the Gilded Age?
urbanization, New Immigration, and materialism
Give 3 human explanations for Moody's success?
his plain speaking, his simple theme of salvation, and his careful organization
Who was the most prolific writer of gospel songs and hymns in the 19th century?
Explain why Americans feared the New Immigration. (pg 352)
That immigrants workers would take jobs from other Americans by agreeing to work longer hours for less pay. Fears that immigrants would lower the nation's standard of living and breed crime and disease
List 3 causes of American industrial growth after the Civil War. (P333)
1) The nation itself grew 2) the innovation spirit of the times fostered new machines and methods that enhanced industrial expansion 3) Industry benefited from a sympathetic government
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
BJU US History Chapter 20
BJU US History Chapter 17
BJU US History Chapter 21
BJU US History Chapter 23
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