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#14) Defines citizenship, contains the Privileges or Immunities Clause, the Due Process Clause, the Equal Protection Clause, and deals with post-Civil War issues; Protected your Due process clasue and your basic privelages as a citizen
Gideon v. Wainright 1963; Gideon was found near the place of an robbery and was immediately arrested without probable cause and couldn't afford a lawyer
#1) Rights to Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, Petition; The right to have free speech in any given from
Texas v. Johnson 1989; A time in which a man used his right to speak on anything to stop the burning of flags.
#2) Right to bear arms; The right to protect yourself
Bateman v. Perdue 2012; A gun ban on carrying guns during a state of emergency
#3) Places restrictions on the quartering of soldiers in private homes without the owner's consent, prohibiting it during peacetime; You a have a right to bear soilders in your home or not
Engblom v. Carey 1982; A statement considering the home owners consent
#4) Prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures and sets out requirements for search warrants based on probable cause as determined by a neutral judge or magistrate; Prohibited the unresonable searches amongst milineals
NJ v. TLO 1985; Prohibited the unreasonable searches and seizures of drugs and or guns without a warrant
#5) Sets out rules for indictment by grand jury and eminent domain, protects the right to due process, and prohibits self-incrimination and double jeopardy; Protects the citizens right of due process, being told their rights, their property being used by the government, and being in trial for the same crime
Miranda v. Arizona 1966; Miranda was arrested but the police officers never informed him of his rights
#6) Protects the right to a fair and speedy public trial by jury, including the rights to be notified of the accusations, to confront the accuser, to obtain witnesses and to retain counsel; Basically grants you the right to a fair and fast trial with the accuser and any witnesses
Gideon v. Wainright 1963; Gideon was found near the place of an robbery and was immediately arrested without probable cause and couldn't afford a lawyer
#7) Provides for the right to trial by jury in certain civil cases, according to common law; Gives you the right to have your trial overviewed by the jury
Mapp v. Ohio 1961; The court found Mapp guilty and sentenced her to jail. After losing an appeal to the Ohio Supreme Court, Mapp took her case to the U.S. Supreme Court. The Court determined that evidence obtained through a search that violates the Fourth Amendment is inadmissible in state courts.
#8) Prohibits excessive fines and excessive bail, as well as cruel and unusual punishment; Prohibits any excessive forces
Plessey v. Ferguson 1896; In 1892, Homer Plessy, who was one-eighth black, purchased a first-class ticket and sat in the white-designated railroad car. Plessy was arrested for violating the Separate Car Act and argued in court that the Act violated the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments to the Constitution. After losing twice in the lower courts, Plessy took his case to the U.S. Supreme Court, which upheld the previous decisions that racial segregation is constitutional under the separate but equal doctrine.
#9) Protects rights not enumerated in the Constitution; Protects your most basic rights
Marbury v. Madison 1803; Marbury then sued James Madison asking the Supreme Court to issue a writ requiring him to deliver the documents necessary to officially make Marbury Justice of the Peace.
#10) Reinforces the principle of federalism by stating that the federal government possesses only those powers delegated to it by the states or the people through the Constitution; The federal government only has certain powers
Marbury v. Madison 1803; Marbury then sued James Madison asking the Supreme Court to issue a writ requiring him to deliver the documents necessary to officially make Marbury Justice of the Peace.
#11) Makes states immune from suits from out-of-state citizens and foreigners not living within the state borders; lays the foundation for sovereign immunity; Foreigners and out-of-state citizens cannot be mistreated by anyway, shape, and or form but must follow the same rules of the state they are in
Gibbons v. Ogden 1824; Gibbons disagreed arguing that the U.S. Constitution gave Congress the sole power over interstate commerce. After losing twice in New York courts, Gibbons appealed the case to the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court determined that the commerce clause of the Constitution grants the federal government the power to determine how interstate commerce is conducted.
#12) Revises presidential election procedures by having the President and Vice President elected together as opposed to the Vice President being the runner up; The president and vice president are elcted together instead of the vice presidnet being assumed as the runner up
Nixon v. US 1974; President Nixon's incomplete compliance with the special prosecutor's demands was challenged and eventually taken to the Supreme Court of the United States. The Court decided that executive privilege is not limitless, and the tapes were ordered released.
#13) Abolishes slavery, and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime; Abolished any form of slavery
Dred Scott v. Sandford 1857; When his owner died, Scott sued the widow to whom he was left, claiming he was no longer a slave because he had become free after living in a free state. At a time when the country was in deep conflict over slavery, the Supreme Court decided that Dred Scott was not a "citizen of the state" so they had no jurisdiction in the matter, but the majority opinion also stated that he was not a free man.
#15) Prohibits the denial of the right to vote based on race, color or previous condition of servitude; Prohibits the denial of your basic rights a citizen based upon race
Plessey v. Ferguson 1896; In 1892, Homer Plessy, who was one-eighth black, purchased a first-class ticket and sat in the white-designated railroad car. Plessy was arrested for violating the Separate Car Act and argued in court that the Act violated the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments to the Constitution. After losing twice in the lower courts, Plessy took his case to the U.S. Supreme Court, which upheld the previous decisions that racial segregation is constitutional under the separate but equal doctrine.
#16) Permits Congress to levy an income tax without apportioning it among the states or basing it on the United States Census; The congress cannot input tax on you without probable cause
Gibbons v. Ogden 1824; Gibbons disagreed arguing that the U.S. Constitution gave Congress the sole power over interstate commerce. After losing twice in New York courts, Gibbons appealed the case to the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court determined that the commerce clause of the Constitution grants the federal government the power to determine how interstate commerce is conducted.
#17) Establishes the direct election of United States Senators by popular vote; Establsihed the state senators by the people
McCulloch v. Maryland 1819; McCulloch was convicted and fined, but he appealed the decision. The Supreme Court determined that Congress has implied powers that allow it to create a national bank, even though the Constitution does not explicitly state that power, and that Maryland's taxing of its branches was unconstitutional.
#18) Prohibited the manufacturing or sale of alcohol within the United States; No sale of Alcohol
Marbury v. Madison 1803; Marbury then sued James Madison asking the Supreme Court to issue a writ requiring him to deliver the documents necessary to officially make Marbury Justice of the Peace.
#19) Prohibits the denial of the right to vote based on sex; Prohibits denial to vote based upon sex
Plessey v. Ferguson 1896; In 1892, Homer Plessy, who was one-eighth black, purchased a first-class ticket and sat in the white-designated railroad car. Plessy was arrested for violating the Separate Car Act and argued in court that the Act violated the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments to the Constitution. After losing twice in the lower courts, Plessy took his case to the U.S. Supreme Court, which upheld the previous decisions that racial segregation is constitutional under the separate but equal doctrine.
#20) Changes the date on which the terms of the President and Vice President (January 20) and Senators and Representatives (January 3) end and begin; Basically gave us early voting rights
Marbury v. Madison 1803; Marbury then sued James Madison asking the Supreme Court to issue a writ requiring him to deliver the documents necessary to officially make Marbury Justice of the Peace.
#21) Repeals the 18th Amendment and makes it a federal offense to transport or import intoxicating liquors into US states and territories where such transport or importation is prohibited by the laws of those states and territories; Changed the transportation of alcohol
Plessey v. Ferguson 1896; In 1892, Homer Plessy, who was one-eighth black, purchased a first-class ticket and sat in the white-designated railroad car. Plessy was arrested for violating the Separate Car Act and argued in court that the Act violated the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments to the Constitution. After losing twice in the lower courts, Plessy took his case to the U.S. Supreme Court, which upheld the previous decisions that racial segregation is constitutional under the separate but equal doctrine.
#22) Limits the number of times that a person can be elected president: a person cannot be elected president more than twice, and a person who has served more than two years of a term to which someone else was elected cannot be elected more than once; Limited the number of runnings a person could do in teh white house
Marbury v. Madison 1803; Marbury then sued James Madison asking the Supreme Court to issue a writ requiring him to deliver the documents necessary to officially make Marbury Justice of the Peace.
#23) Grants the District of Columbia electors (the number of electors being equal to the least populous state) in the Electoral College; Granted the Biggest states to be equal with the same number of reps to the smaller states
Marbury v. Madison 1803; Marbury then sued James Madison asking the Supreme Court to issue a writ requiring him to deliver the documents necessary to officially make Marbury Justice of the Peace.
#24) Prohibits the revocation of voting rights due to the non-payment of a poll tax or any other tax.; Prohibits the revocation of voting based upon payment of poll tax
Marbury v. Madison 1803; Marbury then sued James Madison asking the Supreme Court to issue a writ requiring him to deliver the documents necessary to officially make Marbury Justice of the Peace.
#25) Addresses succession to the Presidency and establishes procedures both for filling a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, as well as responding to Presidential disabilities; Fills both presidential positions in the white house
Marbury v. Madison 1803; Marbury then sued James Madison asking the Supreme Court to issue a writ requiring him to deliver the documents necessary to officially make Marbury Justice of the Peace.
#26) Prohibits the denial of the right of US citizens, eighteen years of age or older, to vote on account of age; PRohibits denial of voting based upon age
Plessey v. Ferguson 1896; In 1892, Homer Plessy, who was one-eighth black, purchased a first-class ticket and sat in the white-designated railroad car. Plessy was arrested for violating the Separate Car Act and argued in court that the Act violated the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments to the Constitution. After losing twice in the lower courts, Plessy took his case to the U.S. Supreme Court, which upheld the previous decisions that racial segregation is constitutional under the separate but equal doctrine.
#27) Delays laws affecting Congressional salary from taking effect until after the next election of representatives; Holds back salary affecting laws
Marbury v. Madison 1803; Marbury then sued James Madison asking the Supreme Court to issue a writ requiring him to deliver the documents necessary to officially make Marbury Justice of the Peace.