14 terms

Concept 5.2: Adaptation

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adaptation:
the process by which the characteristics of a species change over many generations in response to the environment
behavior:
all of the actions and reactions of an animal
camouflage:
the coloring or patterns on an animal's body that allow it to blend in with its environment
hibernate:
to reduce body movement during the winter in an effort to conserve energy
instinct:
an animal's natural response to a stimulus
migration:
the movement of a group of organisms from one place to another, usually due to a change in seasons
mutate:
to change; usually organism change that happens over many generations
organism:
any individual living thing
predator:
an animal that hunts and eats another animal
prey:
an animal that is hunted and eaten by another animal
react:
to act because of something that happened
response:
an organism's reaction to a stimulus
species:
a group of organisms that share similar characteristics and can mate with each other to produce offspring
variation:
the range of differences in features within a group of organisms