44 terms

Literary Terms - Chufo - English 7 for all!!

STUDY
PLAY
Plot
The series of related events that make up a story
Exposition
The background of the story—explains who the characters are and what their conflict might be
Conflict
A struggle or clash between opposing forces or opposing characters (internal and external)
Rising Action
Events that make it hard for the character to get what he or she wants
Climax
The most emotional or suspenseful moment in the story, when the outcome is decided one way or another
Resolution
The part of the story when the characters' problems are solved and the story ends
Theme
The central idea of a literary work; the author's intended message
Protagonist
The main character, the one who "drives the action"
Antagonist
The character who presents an obstacle to the protagonist or who is involved in the most important conflict with the protagonist
Static Character
A character who remains the same or changes very little from beginning to end
Dynamic Character
A character who changes in some important way as a result of what happens in the story. Change may involve some new knowledge or a different way of behaving or feeling
External Conflict
When a character struggles against some outside force. The outside force may be another character or society or a storm or a grizzly bear etc.
Internal Conflict
Conflict which takes place within a characters' mind. Usually it is a struggle with the characters' opposing needs, wants, desires or emotions
Character Motivation
Any force (such as love or fear or jealousy) that drives the character to behave in a particular way
Characterization
The process of revealing the personality of a character in a story
Direct Characterization
The author explains directly what the character is like (kind, evil, etc.)
Indirect Characterization
The author shows what the character is like by presenting the character's manner of speech, actions, dress (appearance), by indicating what others think or say about the character and by revealing what the character himself or herself thinks
Foreshadowing
The use of clues to suggest events that will happen later in the plot
Setting
The time and place of a story or play
Flashback
An interruption in the action of a plot to tell what happened at an earlier time
Dialogue
Lines of a conversation or speech between two or more people included in a literary work
Parallel Episodes
Repeated elements of the plot (For example three times the Big Bad Wolf goes to a little pig's house and says, "I'll huff and I'll puff and I'll blow your house in.")
Subplot
Smaller plots that relate to the major story
Mood
Atmosphere; feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage
Tone
The author's attitude toward his or her subject, character or audience.
Diction
A writer's or speaker's choice of words, including the arrangement, and the force, accuracy, and distinction with which they are used
Dialect
A way of speaking that is characteristic of a certain geographical area or a certain group of people (may have a distinct vocabulary, pronunciation system, or grammar)
Point of View
The point from which a story is told
Omniscient Point of View
The narrator knows everything about the characters and their problems
Third Person Limited Point of View
The narrator focuses on the thoughts and feelings of only one character
First Person Point of View
One of the characters, using the personal pronoun "I", tells the story
Imagery
Language that appeals to any of the senses (sight, sound, taste, touch, hearing) also known as Sensory Detail
Hyperbole
An extravagant statement or exaggeration that is not meant to be taken literally, as "to wait an eternity"
Personification
A metaphor in which a non-human thing or quality is talked about as if it were human
Allusion
A reference to a statement, person, place, event, or thing well known from literature, history, religion, pop culture, etc.
Irony
A contrast between expectation and reality (dramatic, situational, and verbal)
Simile
A figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things, using a term such as like, as, resembles, or than
Metaphor
A figure of speech that compares two unlike things in which one thing becomes another thing (or is another thing) without the use of the words like, as, than, or resembles
Symbolism
Using something or someone to represent an idea
Analogy
A comparison made between two things to show how they are alike
Connotation
A meaning, association, or emotion suggested by a word, in addition to it's dictionary definition or denotation (Determined, pigheaded)
Denotation
The dictionary definition of a word
Idiom
an expression peculiar to a particular language that means something different from its literal (dictionary) meaning
Literary Devices
The devices a writer uses to develop style and convey meaning (allusion, analogy, dialect (including idioms), hyperbole, figures of speech (simile, metaphor, personification), imagery, irony, repetition, symbolism, and understatement
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