Surface Water Erosion & Deposition Vocabulary
Vocabulary terms for our unit on surface water erosion and deposition
Terms in this set (29)
Grinding or wearing away of rock.
A fan-shaped deposit of sediment formed when flash flood's slope is abruptly reduced.
An area of the shoreline made up of material deposited by waves. The material can be sand, stones or pebbles.
The path that a stream follows.
Change in state from a gas to a liquid.
A fan-shaped deposit of sorted sediments from a river that flows into a large body of water.
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
The amount of water that a stream carries.
A ridge of land that separates one drainage basin/watershed from another.
Process by which weathered rock and soil are moved from one place to another.
The change of a substance from a liquid to a gas.
An area along a river that forms from sediments deposited when the river overflows its banks.
The measure of the change in elevation over a certain distance (slope).
The material (sediment) carried by a stream or river.
a water current that travels near and parallel to the shoreline.
A curve or bend in a river.
A meander that has been cut off from the river.
The downward movement of water through soil and rock due to gravity.
A large area of flat land elevated high above sea level.
Any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's surface.
water that flows over the ground surface rather than soaking into the ground.
a ridge of sand deposited by waves as they slow down near shore. Deposited off-shore and parallel to the shoreline.
Loose materials such as rock fragments, mineral grains, and bits of shell that have been moved by wind, water, ice, or gravity
a boundary line between land and water.
A stream or river that flows into a larger river.
A valley with a narrow bottom and a cross section shaped like the letter "V". Valleys of this shape are almost always cut by stream erosion.
The continuous process by which water moves from Earth's surface to the atmosphere and back.
(or drainage basin) the area of land that is drained by a water/river system; largest watershed in the US is the Mississippi River Watershed
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's surface.