51 terms

APUSH Antebellum reformers

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George Catlin
Painter of Native American life, first to advocate preservation of nature, led to the creation of national parks
Samuel Slater
"Father of the Factory System", assembled the first textile mill in 1791. Slater mills started company towns
Eli Whitney
Created the cotton gin in 1793, interchangeable parts
Elias Howe
Invented the sewing machine in 1846
Isaac SInger
Perfected the sewing machine
Samuel F. B. Morse
Invented the telegraph in 1844 by stringing a wire forty miles from Washington to Baltimore
Catherine Beecher
Urged women to enter the teaching profession. Successfully drove men away from teaching and school teaching became a "feminized" occupation
John Deere
Invented the steel plow in 1837. Light enough to be pulled by horses rather than oxen
Cyrus McCormick
Invented the mechanical mower-reaper in 1830s. A person could do the work of five people with sickles and scythes.
Robert Fulton
Invented the steamboat in 1807 with a steam engine that was known as the Clermont
DeWitt Clinton
Governor of NY during the construction of the Eric Canal. The Erie Canal was called "Clinton's Big Ditch" or "the Governor's Gutter"
Cyrus Field
Stretched a cable under the Atlantic waters from Newfoundland to Ireland in 1858. Named "the greatest wire-puller in history"
John Jacob Astor
Fur trader and real estate speculator who left an estate of $30 million
Charles Grandison Finney
A preacher in the 2nd Great Awakening. Led mass rivivals. Devised the "anxious bench" where sinners could sit in full view of the congregation. Encouraged women to pray aloud in public. Denounced both alcohol and slavery. President of Oberlin College.
Joseph Smith
Launched in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormons) in 1830 after receiving golden plates from an angel and deciphering them to constitute the Book of Mormon
Brigham Young
Took over the Mormons after Smith was murdered. Led the Mormons to Utah from 1846-1847
Horace Mann
Secretary of Ma. Board of Education. Pushed for more and better schoolhouses, longer school terms, higher pay for teachers, and an expanded curriculum.
Noah Webster
Improved textbooks. Created the famous dictionary which helped standardize the American language
Dorothea Dix
Fought for rights of the mentally ill. Led to improved conditions and an acceptance of the concept that the demented were not perverse but mentally ill
Lucretia Mott
A Quaker who fought for women's rights.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Advocated suffrage for women, read the "Declaration of Sentiments" at the Seneca Falls concention
Susan B, Anthony
Quaker, a lecturer for women's rights.
Robert Owen
Wealthy and idealistic Scottish textile manufacturer, founded New Harmony in Indiana in 1825
George Ripley
Founded Brook Farm in 1841. Transcendentalist.
John Noyes
Founded Oneida Community in 1848. Practiced free love, birth control and selection of parents to produce superior offspring
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Stressed self-reliance, self-improvement, self-confidence, optimism and freedom. Against slavery.
Henry David Thoreau
Transcendentalist and nonconformist. Author and owner of Walden Pond
Walt Whitman
Leaves of Grass 1855
Henry Wadsworth Longellow
Poet
Nathaniel Hawthorne
The Scarlet Letter. Born in a Puritan household.
Herman Melville
Author of Moby Dick
Sir Walter Scott
Author of elite southerners
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Author of Uncle Tom's Cabin
Denmark Vesey
A free black who led an ill-fated slave rebellion in Charleston, SC in 1822
Nat Turner
A visionary black preacher led an uprising that killed sixty Virginians in 1831
Theodore Dwight Weld
Abolitionist. Wrote American Slavery as It Is
William Lloyd Garrison
Published in Boston The Liberator first in 1831. Advocated an immediate end to slavery
Wendell Phillips
Abolitionist. Believed that slavery should be ended first before pushing for women's rights
David Walker
Author of Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World advocated the end to white supremacy
Sojourner Truth
Aka Isabella, a freed slave who fought for black emancipation and women's rights.
Elijah Lovejoy
Abolitionist who was killed by a mob in 1837 and became a "martyr abolitionist". Editor of a newspaper and considered to be the first casualty of the civil war
"free soilers"
People like LIncoln who were opposed to extending slavery to the western territories.
Carl Schurz
Civil reformer. Reformed Bureau of Indian affairs. Anti-slavery
Fanny Wright
Equality for women, slaves and supported worker's rights.
Mother Ann Lee
Led the Shaker faith. Believed in gender equality and confessions of sin. Raised orphans to be shakers which preserved the religion
William Miller
Believed in Second coming of Christ in 1844"Adventism"/"Millerites"
Elihu Burritt
Advocate for world peace. Appealed to lower and middle class because they would be the ones who fought in wars if any
Dr. Sylvester Graham
Temperence/projibition. Pushed for a health lifestyle
Sara and Angelina Grimke
Anti-slavery. Wrote in liberator. Pro women's rights. Education as well.
Father Matthew Theobald
Temperence, a priest
Neal Dow
Strong prohibitionist and abolitionist. Gov. of Maine. Ran as a prohibition candidate in the presidential election. "Napoleon of Prohibition"