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Politics of the United States
Creating the constitution study guide
Terms in this set (60)
a document stating the rules under which a government will operate
which 2 states continued to use the colonial charters during the revolution instead of creating new constitutions ?
rhode island & connecticut
under the state constitutions who was given the most power?
the state legislatures elected by the people
the person who runs the government and sees that the laws are carried out.
bill of rights
list of freedoms that the government promises to protect
articles of confederation
the first constitution of the united states created by congress in 1777. created a plan for the nation as a whole
weaknesses of the articles
did not give enough power to the government (most power was in states ) could not regulate trade or collect taxes.
western land claims
the land claims returned over to federal government
land ordinance of 1785
surveyors were to divide public lands into town ships, 6 miles on each side one section was set aside to support schools
northwest ordinance of 1787
it guarantied basic rights for settlers and banned slavery.
which 5 states were added to the union out of the northwest territory ?
ohio, indiana, Illinois,Michigan, & Wisconsin
describe the economic problems under the articles of confederation
they made to U.S. appear weak to other nations.
why did the articles make the US appear weak to everyone else?
the other foreign countries bullied the USA.
is a period when business active slows, prices and wages drop, and unemployment rises. occupied in id-1780's and hit Massachusetts hard. the government began seizing farms and selling them in order to get the back states.
When Daniel shay a Massachusetts farmer and a former revolutionary war captain, led an uprising of about 1,000 Massachusetts farmers.
where was the convention held to "revise" the articles of confederation
a meeting held in Philadelphia in the summer of 1787.
why were the talks of the convention kept secret?
because the delegates would be free to speak their minds
how many delegates attended? Which state didn't ?
55 delegates attended. Rhode island didnt send any delegates
who was elected president of the convention?
alexander hamilton was an 32 year old influential delegate from New York. He was the youngest delegate
was an 36 influential delegate from Virginia. was known for taking notes at meetings and researching government
author of the Virginia plan which called for a strong central government
called for the central government to have three separte branches.
branch of government that makes the laws
would carry out the laws
would consist of a system of courts to interpret the law
list some of the suggestions made in setting up the executive branch of the new government
most believe a strong EB was necessary, but should it be one person of a group of people?
how was the legislative branch of the Virginia plan different from the legislative branch of the article of confederation ?
rather than a single legislative body, it would consist of two parts. articles consist of 1.
was from Pennsylvania. stated the election of the legislative by the people was " not only the corner-stone, but the foundation of the fabric."
On june 15 he introduced a modified plan on behalf of the small states, proposed alternate plans for smaller states
new jersey plan
expanded the powers of congress to raise money and regulate commerce caused for 3 branches of gov. but one house and one vote
an agreement in which each side gives up part of what it wants
from connecticut came up with the great compromise that would satisfy both the large and small states.
The great compromise
plan called for representation based on population the more people a state had the more seats it have in each house
three fifths compromise
each enslaved person would be counted as three fifths of a free person.
what decision was made on the importation of slaves for the constitution ?
ships would be allowed to bring enslaved people into the country for a period of 20 years. After 1808 congress could bat the importation of enslaved people. but the slave trade within the Inited states was now affected
was appointed to draw up the final wording of the new constitution
a gifted writer was largely responsible for writing the preamble or introduction
from whom does the preamble to the constitution claim to take its authority ?
from the people rather than the states
were all of the delegates happy with the constitution ?
no. many didn't agree with but most felt it was the best they could do at the time.
followed a strong federal (national) government
85 paper series support the constitution Alexander hamilton & john jay
what argument did the federalists make in favor of the constitution?
for the union to last the national government had to have powers denied by the articles including the powers to enforce laws
opponents of the federalists
who were the leading opponents of the constitution ?
George mason & Patrick henry
what were their arguments against the new plan?
weakening the states, no bill of rights and president of king
how many states had to ratify the constitution in order for it to take effect?
when was the ratification celebration held and where?
july 4,1788 Philadelphia
who was elected the first president? vice president ?
George washington was the first president & and John adams was the vice president
bill of rights?
list of freedoms the government promises to up hold ( the first ten amendments of the constitution
a formal written change to constitution
why did the farmers make an amendment process and why did they make that process difficult?
so that they made the constitution flexible enough to change so that they didn't take anything lightly
freedom of religion speech and press
the right to bear arms
keeps congress from keeping troops in their house
protest citizens from searches of their homes & secure of their property
protect citizens who are brought in for trail & accused of crimes
ninth and tenth amendments
limit the powers of the federal government
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