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George Washington

Commander of the Continental Army


A professional soldier hired to fight for a foreign country


an overall plan of action


a meeting

Battles of saratoga

the series of conflicts that led to the surrender of the british general Burgoyne and his troops at saratoga


a country that agrees to help another country achieve a common goal

Marquis de lafayette

A French nobleman who volunteered to serve in Washington's army


a long steel knife attached to the end of a gun


To leave military duty without intending to return


privately owned ship that a wartime government gives permission to attack an enemy's merchant ships

James Forten

a 14-year-old african american sailor who later became famous for his efforts to end slavery

John Paul Jones

continental officer and commander of the Bonhomme Richard who won the most famous sea battle of the war

Lord Cornwallis

british general who led an army in Camden, South Carolina


small bands of fighters who weaken the enemy with surprise raids and hit-and-run attacks


opposed to war

Battle of Yorktown

The last major battle of the war, in which American and French troops bombarded Yorktown and forced Cornwallis to surrender his army.

Treaty of Paris of 1783

peace treaty that ended the revolutionary war


Government in which people rule.

Elizabeth Freeman

an african american woman who sued for her freedom in a Massachusetts court and won

Richard Allen

an african american preacher who helped start the free african society and the african methodist episcopal church

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