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42 terms

SL Vocab Ch. 1-5

The Scarlet Letter Vocabulary Nathaniel Hawthorne Chapters 1-5 AP English III
STUDY
PLAY
edifice
a structure that has a roof and walls and stands more or less permanently in one place
ponderous
having great mass and weight and unwieldiness
congenial
used of plants
inauspicious
not auspicious
portal
a grand and imposing entrance (often extended metaphorically)
physiognomy
the human face ('kisser' and 'smiler' and 'mug' are informal terms for 'face' and 'phiz' is British)
betoken
indicate by signs
heterodox
characterized by departure from accepted beliefs or standards
farthingale
a hoop worn beneath a skirt to extend it horizontally
sumptuary
regulating or controlling expenditure or personal behavior
ignominy
a state of dishonor
iniquity
an unjust act
beadle
a minor parish official who serves as an usher and preserves order at services
contumely
a rude expression intended to offend or hurt
phantasmagoric
characterized by fantastic imagery and incongruous juxtapositions
pillory
a wooden instrument of punishment on a post with holes for the neck and hands
cloister
a courtyard with covered walks (as in religious institutions)
magistracy
the position of magistrate
hearken
listen
halberd
a pike fitted with an ax head
sagacity
the trait of forming opinions by distinguishing and evaluating
mien
dignified manner or conduct
trundle bed
a low bed to be slid under a higher bed
alchemy
a pseudoscientific forerunner of chemistry in medieval times
peremptory
putting an end to all debate or action
sojourn
a temporary stay (e.g., as a guest)
leech
carnivorous or bloodsucking aquatic or terrestrial worms typically having a sucker at each end
Lethe
(Greek mythology) a river in Hades
nepenthe
anything that makes someone forget sorrow, pain
infamy
evil fame or public reputation
retribution
the act of correcting for your wrongdoing
paramour
a woman who cohabits with an important man
lurid
shining with an unnatural red glow as of fire seen through smoke
insulated
to place in a detached situation; isolate
vivify
give new life or energy to
frailty
moral weakness
thither
to or toward that place
imbibe
receive into the mind and retain
purport
general meaning or tenor
ignominious
(used of conduct or character) deserving or bringing disgrace or shame
refrain
not do something
contumacious
wilfully obstinate