Terms in this set (110)
List three things that are perplexing Scout at the beginning of the summer.
1. Jem is changing (189)
Jem is moving from a selfish/somewhat deceitful child to a near-adult with many of Atticus' values
Cal begins calling him "Mister Jem"
Gender stereotype - Jem tells Scout she needs to be more of a girl - he's growing up and looks at girls differently
2. Dill didn't come (190
3. Atticus will be gone for 2 weeks (191)
4. Aunt Alexandra is moving in (208)
Describe the differences between Calpurnia's church and the white people's church.
Rev. Sykes requested morning offering, he demanded $10, they do not have hymn books, Rev. Sykes speaks more freely and his sermons.
She is a troublemaker and she does not want Jem and Scout there because they have their own church for white people and they were in the black people's church.
what is the history behind the blacks church and what is it called?
The church was paid for from the first earnings of freed slaves. It is called First Purchase African M.E. Church
the black people's reverend he speaks freely in his sermons he also demands A total of $10 for Helen Robinson in the morning offering. he treats the Finch children - with respect. He appreciates what Atticus is doing for Tom
Explain what Scout fids unusual about Calpurnia's manner of speaking at the Negro church and how Calpurnina explains this to her.
She talks like her friends and neighbors because she doesn't want them to think that she thinks she's better than them
What do Jem and Scout learn about the injustice of white people during their visit to Calpurnina's church?
they won't hire Helen because her husband is accused of something so horrible
whites are quick to judge/stereotype
Why does the congregation sing the hymns by "lining"?
the other blacks can't read (only 4 can - including Cal and Zeebo)
who is zeebo?
how did calpurnia teach zeebo to read?
where did calpurnia grow up?
how old is calpurnia?
how did calpurnia learn to read?
when is calpurnias birthday?
1. Between the Buford place and the landing
2. older than atticus 50+ years
3. Ms. Buford taught her out of Blackstone's commentaries which is a law book
4. She does not know it because back then black did not have birthdays or birth certificates so she celebrates her birthday on Christmas
When Scout ask what Tom Robinson is charged with, how did she answer?
Raping a girl
As the kids approach their house after church, they see in Alexandra. How is she described?
"Enamored upright uncompromising Aunt Alexandra was sitting in a rocking chair exactly as if she had sat there every day if her life."(lee 208)
How does Atticus explain Aunt Alexandra's arrival? How do the children feel about it?
He says he won't be able to stay there all day with them
the kids are not excited
"The summer's going to be a hot one"
means more than temperature...racial tensions will run high because of the trial
how does Aunt Alexandra fit in to Maycomb?
"Aunt Alexandra fitted into the world of Maycomb like a hand into a glove but never into the world of Jem and me"(Lee 216)
What does Aunt Alexandra study?
What sense of values doe Aunt Alexandra try to impart to the children?
That they are not from "run-of-the-mill" people and they should try to live up to their name
Why does Scout cry?
when aunt Alexandra gets upset with Scout and Jem and when Atticus goesto talk to Scout he talks about how they are not "run of the mill" people and scout knows her father would never say those things and he was not acting himself
How does Atticus respond to Alexandra's suggestion that they do not need Cal anymore?
Alexandra, Calpurnia's not leaving this house until she wants to.
How does Atticus Explain rape?
He says it in a lawful type of way with lawyer words and scout doesn't know exactly what it is when he says it
Why did Dill run away from home? What is different between Dill's relationship with his parents and Scout and Jem's relationship with Atticus?
Dill's parents neglected him didn't seem to really love him and Atticus cares about everything Scout and Jem have to say and doesn't turn his back on them
"broke the remaining code of our childhood"
Jem was growing up and instead of keeping Dill hidden and not telling Atticus he betrayed his best friend and little sister and told the adult which was the mature thing to do.
What is Dill's latest plan to get Boo Radley to come out?
To place a trail of lemon drops from the back door to the front yard and Boo would follow them like an ant
How is the author slowly building a web of tension leading up to the trial?
A chain of mysterious events about the trial happens and we don't know exactly why - this is part of Lee's narrative technique
What had Mr. Underwood done during the conversation at the jail?
He was covering Atticus' back with his shotgun from the window above the newspaper office
How would you characterize the crowd that has come to the trial? Why do you think Harper Lee described them in such detail?
A very diverse group - she does this to show the different levels of society and how all people were affected by the trial
"I am not.'t's morbid, watching a poor devil on trail for his life. Look at all those folks it's like a Roman carnival." (Lee 262)
Simile/Everyone gathers for the pleasure of watching a man on trial for his life -"roman carnival" like gladiators in ancient Roman times
Look at all those folks-you'd think William Jennings Bryan was speakin'." (lee 262)
What kind of a judge was Judge Taylor?
"We asked Miss Maudie to elucidate: she said Miss Stephanie seemed to know so much about the case she might as well be called on to testify."
"It was a gala occasion." (Lee 263) describing the trail with all the people there.
"He was supposed to marry one of the spender ladies, I think. They were going to have a huge wedding but didn't after the rehearsal the bride went upstairs and blew her head off shotgun she pulled the trigger with her toes... They say it was because she found out about his colored woman, he reckoned he could keep her and get married too."(lee 265)
Not really a drunk he just has cocacola in the bottle he carries with him everywhere. he says he acts like a drunk because some people don't like the way he lives and it gives folks a reason to understand why she lives the way he lives.
Why does Jem say the "mixed children" are sad?
Because "they don't belong anywhere. Colored folks won't have them because their half white; white folks won't have them because they're colored, so they're just in-betweens, don't belong anywhere."
What is the thing Atticus says is the worst thing you can do?
cheating colored man
What news does Scout overhear about Atticus defending Tom Robinson? How does she feel about it?
That the court appointed him to defend Tom - she wishes he would've told her this because she could've used it to defend herself; she was confused that people were mad that he aimed to defend Tom
Difference between the court "appointing" Atticus to defend Tom and Atticus "aims" to defend him
Atticus wants to do a good job, not just go through the motions
Why doesn't Atticus tell the children he was appointed?
Because it wouldn't change his mind about defending Tom
With whom do the children sit in the courtroom? and Where?
With Rev. Sykes in the colored balcony
Why do you think Harper Lee pays meticulous attention to every aspect of the courtroom?
To set the scene for the trial because it's a central event in the novel
On what single key issue does Atticus build his case? What kinds of strategies does he used to elicit the truth?
That Bob Ewell and Mayella are lying - he asks a lot of questions to try and confuse them
Atticus makes it clear that Bob Ewell is a liar, and he shows no sympathy for him
Atticus builds a picture of the Ewells as "poor white trash"
This is the lowest level of the social ladder in the South - even blacks looked down on them
Atticus brings out Tom's criminal past to show that he has nothing to hide
What question does Atticus ask the sheriff three times?
If he called for a doctor to examine Mayella
which of Mayella's eyes were black and bruised?
what hand do ewell write with?
what suggests Mayella is different from her family?
she tends to a little garden of red geraniums
How does Jem convince Reverend Sykes it is OK for Scout to stay in the courtroom?
He says Scout doesn't really understand what's going on and they're too far away for Atticus to see them
What excuse does Mr. Ewell give for not running after Tom Robinson?
That he was too distracted by Mayella to run after him
Ewell can read and write - he's left handed...why is this important???
Mayella's right eye is bruised, so a left handed person would have hit her...it could've been her father
Why does Mayella think Atticus is mocking her?
Because he calls her "Miss" and "ma'am" - she's probably never been called that before and doesn't know how to respond...Mayella is a mockingbird
she doesn't know what love is because she doesn't receive it
she has no friends because she has no time
according to Tom kissed a Negro
Explain why Atticus has Tom Robinson stand up.
So everyone could see that his left arm is 12 inches shorter than his right
Why does Atticus look like "his stomach hurt" when he proves his case against Mayella?
he really feels sorry for her because she has to go through his cross examination and she already has a hard enough life
Why does Scout pity Mayella even though she was testifying against Tom Robinson
she thinks she must be the loneliest person in the world lonelier than Tom Robinson
Compare Scout and Dill's reactions to Mr. Gilmer's prosecution. Why do you think Dill becomes so upset when Mr. Gilmer cross examines Tom?
Scout thinks he's just doing his job, but Dill is upset at how he is treating Tom - he thinks no one should be treated that way, regardless of his skin color. Dill is not as thick-skinned as Scout because of his home life - he's not as secure about things
Why does Tom say he ran?
he was scared he's have to face up to what he didn't do in court
Tom is a mockingbird
he's unable to give anything but goodness never harmed anybody
In his summation speech to the jury: What does Attticus describe as Mayella's offense?
She broke a time-honored code of their society and her actions were motivated by guilt
she tempted a negro
How does Atticus partially excuse Mr. Ewell's actions?
By saying that he did what any God-fearing, persevering, respectable white man would do under the circumstances
Where does Atticus say all men must truly be equal?
What does Jem think when Atticus calls them from the balcony?
That Atticus has won the trial
How does Scout know the verdict before it is read?
a jury never looks at a defendant who has convicted, and when the jury came in, not one of them looked at Tom Robinson
What is Cal's reaction to the children having been at the trial? What is Alexandra's?
Cal was upset at Jem for taking scout; she yells at all 3 children
Alexandra almost faints when she sees them but doesn't say a word because Atticus is letting them go back
What is Atticus' response to Alexandra's attempt to say the children shouldn't have witnessed the trial?
He says that they've made Maycomb this way for them and they need to learn how to cope with it because it is their home
What is Aticus' response to Jem's question about how the jury could have convicted Tom?
He says "I don't know but they did it. They've done it before and they did it tonight and they'll do it again and when they do it - seems that only children weep"
What causes Atticus' eye to fill with tears?
That the black community has showered them with food during such a hard time to show their gratitude
What does Miss Maudie say about Atticus?
That some men in this world were born to do our unpleasant jobs for us and Atticus is one of them
What does still want to be when he grows up?
Dill wants to be a clown
What had Bob Ewell done to Atticus after the trial? How does Atticus explain his behavior?
He stopped Atticus in the street, spat in his face, cursed at him, and threatened to kill him; Atticus says he destroyed his last shred of credibility at the trial and he needs to take out his anger on someone - Atticus is just glad it's him and not Mayella
Why did Atticus say he selected a Cunningham for the jury?
Because once you earn the respect of the Cunninghams, they stick with you and he felt like they left the courtroom that night with respect for the Finches
As a result of the conviction, Jem has a new theory about Boo Radley's seclusion: what is it?
That he's stayed shut up in the house because he wants to stay inside
When Jem suggests juries should be done away with, what does Atticus suggest should be done instead?
Change the law so that only judges have the power of fixing the penalty in capital cases
How does Atticus explain the fact that women can't serve on juries in Alabama?
To protect frail ladies from sordid cases like Tom's and the ladies would interrupt too much by asking questions
what does Scout learn about the ladies in the missionary Society?
They are hypocrites
After their discussion of the Mrunas, what do the ladies of the missionary society do?
They talk about Helen Robinson
What does Mrs. Merriweather say the cooks and field hands did after the trial? Why?
They sulked around, were dissatisfied with the verdict, and grumbled all of the next day
What is Mrs. Merriweather's view of Northerners? Why does she hold this view?
She says they are hypocrites and have sin on their shoulders because they tell blacks they're as good as whites but still stay away from them - at least Southerners are honest with their feelings
What news does Atticus bring about Tom Robinson?
He's dead - he tried to escape from jail and was shot 17 times
How does Atticus explain what Tom had done?
That Tom was tired of white men's chances and decided to take his own
Mr. Underwood's editorial "A sin to kill cripples" compares what two things?
Tom Robinson's death and the senseless slaughter of songbirds by hunters and children
What is Scout's assessment of Jem's changed behavior after he won't let her kill the roly poly?
That he was the one getting more and more like a girl every day
Why is Maycomb only interested in the news about Tom's death for two days?
Tom's death was typical of what a black man would do - cut and run, have no plan, no thought for the future
What conclusion does Scout come to about Tom after reading Mr. Underwood's article?
That in the secret courts of men's hearts, Atticus had no case - Tom was a dead man the minute Mayella Ewell opened her mouth and screamed
What satirical points are made on the subject of education?
Illustrated in the incident with Miss Gates/Hitler/the courthouse - best lessons are learned in the real world
What does Scout fantasize about?
Meeting Boo Radley
What comic incident is related in Chapter 27 and what function does it serve?
Misses Tutti and Frutti's furniture stealing incident - explains why Maycomb is having the Halloween festival and pageant
What historical figure does Miss Gates condemn? Why does her condemnation confuse Scout?
Adolf Hitler - Scout thinks it's not right to persecute anyone, yet Miss Gates condemns Hitler and is prejudiced toward the blacks at home
After Jem tries to comfort Scout for coming on stage at the wrong time, what does Scout realize about Jem?
That he was becoming almost as good as Atticus at making her feel right when things went wrong
Why does Bob Ewell lose his WPA job?
Because he's lazy
Bob Ewell is terrorizing people - Judge Taylor, Helen Robinson sets a mood for?
Aunt Alexandra and Atticus aren't going to the pageant
is an example of?
What details in Chapters 27 and 28 add to the mounting tension before Jem and Scout are attacked?
Aunt Alexandra and Atticus aren't attending, it's Halloween, Bob Ewell has been terrorizing people, warm night, no moon, "haints," pitch black, cloudy - kids can't see as they're walking, hearing noises
"Thus began our longest night together" is a example of a?
Metaphor and it is very dramatic language
When Jem hears someone following Scout and him, who does he conclude it is?
Cecil Jacobs- suspense
How does Scout know the body she touches with her toes is not Jem's?
his face is not shaven and he smelled of whiskey
When Scout reaches the street, what does she see in the light?
a person carrying Jem
What, according to Dr. Reynolds, is Jem's condition?
He has a broken arm and he is unconcscious (not dead)
Who is in Jem's room besides Scout, Atticus, and Alexandra?
the man who brought Jem in
What news does Sheriff Tate give Atticus?
Bob Ewell was found dead - he was stabbed in the chest with a kitchen knife
Why hadn't Atticus or any of the neighbors heard the children yelling?
they were listening to the radio
What conclusion does Sheriff Tate come to about Scout's costume?
that it saved Scout's life
According to the sheriff, what kind of man was Bob Ewell?
that he's one of those men you have to shoot before you say hi to him, and he's not even worth the bullet
When Scout points to the man who saved Jem and looks at him closely, what does she realize? What does she say and do?
that it's Boo; she tells him "hi"
does Atticus suggest they go to the porch instead of the living room?
the living room lights were too strong for Boo (Boo is used to dark Radley Place)
Who does Atticus think killed Bob Ewell?
What does Sheriff Tate say about Bob Ewell's death?
that he fell on his knife and killed himself
What does the sheriff say the townspeople, including his wife, would do if they knew the truth about who killed Bob Ewell? What does the sheriff say would be a sin?
All the ladies would bring Boo cakes and drag him into the limelight - it's a sin to drag a man and his shy ways into the limelight...if it were any other man, it'd be differen
What insight is gained into Heck Tate's character?
What is Scouts' response when Atticus asks her if she can understand that "Mr. Ewell fell on his knife"?
she says she can, she hugs and kisses Atticus, and says it'd sort of be like killing a mockingbird
As Scout tells Atticus the story of The Gray Ghost, what does she say about Stoner's Boy? What is Atticus' response?
that he hadn't done anything terrible and that he was actually really nice - Atticus says most people are when you finally see them
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