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Reporting and interpreting cost of goods sold and inventory
Terms in this set (29)
tangible property held for sale in the normal course of business or used in producing goods or services for sale (reported on the balance sheet as a current asset because it is converted into cash within a year)
(wholesale or retail business)...Includes goods held for resale in the ordinary course of business
Raw materials inventory
includes items acquired for the purpose of processing into finished goods. (manufacturing)
Work in process inventory
goods in the process of being manufactured (manufacturing)
Finished goods inventory
manufactured goods that are complete and ready for sale (manufacturing)
Costs included in Inventory purchases
The cost principle requires that inventory be recorded at the price paid or the consideration given. Invoice Price. Freight (transportation). Inspections Cost. Preparations Cost.
When merchandise is purchased the merchandise inventory account is....
When the goods are sold, cost of goods sold is _____ and merchandise inventory is ______
What are the three stages of inventory costs?
1. Purchasing/Production activities
2. Additions to inventory on the balance sheet
3. sale cost of goods sold on income statement
Flow of inventory costs (merchandise)
Merchandise purchased...Merchandise inventory...Cost of goods sold
Flow of inventory costs (manufactured)
Raw materials purchased, direct labor, factory overhead...raw materials, work in process, finished goods...costs of goods sold.
Raw materials is also known as...
refers to the earnings of employees who work directly on the products being manufactured
are manufacturing costs that are not raw materials or direct labor costs.
Cost of goods sold is directly related to _____.
Sales revenue (<<< during an accounting period is the # of unites sold multiplied by the sales price) Cost of goods sold is the same # of unites multiplied by their unit costs.
Goods Available for sales
the sum of the beginning inventory and purchases.
Cost of goods sold equation
BI + P -EI = CGS
Beginning Inventory + Purchases - ending inventory = cost of goods sold.
Goods available for sale - EI = CGS
Ending inventory (______) Cost of goods sold (______) Where?
balance sheet, income statement.
Inventory Costing Methods
1. Specific Identification
2. First in, first out (FIFO)
3. last in, first out (LIFO)
4, Average cost
identifies the cost of the specific item that was sold. Requires keeping track of purchase cost of each item. Done by coding the purchase or keeping a separate record.
assumes that the first good purchased (the first in_ are the first goods sold.
assumes that the most recently purchased unite are sold first
Average cost method
the weighted average unit of cost of the goods available for sale for both cost of goods sold for the ending inventory.
Lower of cost or Market (LCM)
valuation method departing from the cost principle; serves to recognize a loss when replacement cost or net realizable value drops below cost.
current purchased price for the identical goods.
cost of good sold / average inventory
a contra-asset for the excess FIFO over LIFO inventory
Equation of difference in cost of goods sold under FIFO
Beginning LIFO Reserve (Excess of FIFO over LIFO) - Ending LIFO reserve (Excess of FIFO over LIFO = difference in cost of goods sold under FIFO
Difference in tax under FIFO
Differ in pretax income under FIFO * tax rate
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