Social Studies - Grade 6: Land and Water Forms

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Terms in this set (...)

Archipelago
An expanse of water with many islands scattered in it.
Bay/Gulf
Curved part of the coastline where the water juts into the land.
Canyon
A deep, narrow valley with steep sides, cut in rock by water.
Cape
A curved or pointed part of a coastline where the land juts out far into water.
Delta
A fan shaped accumulation of soil and sand that collects at the mouths of rivers.
Desert
Dry, barren land
Fjord
A long, narrow, deep inlet from the sea carved by glaciers.
Island
A body of land, smaller than a continent, that is entirely surrounded by water.
Isthmus
A narrow strip of land with water on both sides that connects two larger bodies of land.
Lake
A body of water surrounded entirely by land. Its water is usually fresh.
Mesa
A large, flat-topped hill.
Mountain
Raised land, higher than a hill, usually with steep, rocky sides.
Mountain range
A chain of connected mountains.
Peninsula
A piece of land jutting out into water and almost surrounded by it.
Plain
A broad area of mostly flat land at a low elevation.
Plateau
A broad area of mostly flat land at a high elevation.
River
A body of fresh water that flows from higher to lower land.
Source
The start of the river in the mountains.
Steppe
A vast, dry, grass-covered plain.
Tributary
A stream or river that flows into a larger stream or river.
Valley
An area of low-lying land between mountains or hills.
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